Disperis capensis (L.) Sw.1800 SUBGENUS Disperis

Plant in situ South Africa Photos by Tyrone Genade

Full SunCold Winter EARLYSpring

Common Name or Meaning The Cape Province Disperis - The Granny Bonnet Orchid - Hottentot's Bonnet - Oumamakappie - Mamakappie

Flower Size 2" [5 cm]

Found in Southern Cape Province South Africa on damp sandstone in seepage areas at eleavtions of 10 to 1100 meters as a miniature to medium sized, cold growing terrestro-lithophyte with 2, cauline, alternate, lanceoalte, glabrous to sparsely hirsute leaves that blooms in the winter to early spring on a terminal, erect, 1 to occasionally 2 flowered inflorescence with ovate to lanceoalte bracts

Synonyms *Arethusa capensis L.1760; Dipera capensis (L.) Spreng. 1826; Dipera tenera Spreng. 1826; Disperis capensis var. brevicaudata Rolfe 1913; Disperis capensis var. tenera (Spreng.) Sond. 1846; Disperis graminifolia Banks ex Steud. 1840; Disperis tenera (Spreng.) Bolus 1882

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen #5 17-20 tafel 6 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo fide; Die Orchideen Band 3 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 50 No 8 1981 photo; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 photo fide; Phylogeny and Classification of the Orchid Family Dressler 1993 photo fide; Orchids of Southern Africa Linder & Kurzwell 1999; A molecular phylogeny for the large African orchid genus Disa Bytebier 2006

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