Disa cornuta (L.) Sw., Kongl. Vetensk 1800 SECTION Repandra Lindl.

Inflorescence in full bloom

Inflorescence in situ South Africa

Plant as Inflorescence arises

Photos by Tyrone Genade


Common Name The Horned Disa - The Golden Orchid

Flower Size 1.4" [3.6 cm]

Found in Zimbabwe to Southernmost South Africa in well drained grasslands, on mountains and in sandy flats at elevations of 1800 to 2200 meters in full sun as a robust, medium sized, cold growing terrestrial with densely imbricate, becoming shortly sheathing leaves arising in a crown-shape that blooms in the late spring and early summer on an erect, terminal, imbricate, many flowered inflorescence with bracts longer than the ovaries and overtopping the downward facing flowers

Synonyms Disa aemula Bolus 1885; Disa cornuta var. aemula (Bolus) Kraenzl. 1900; Disa macrantha Sw. 1800; *Orchis cornuta L. 1760; Satyrium cornutum (L.) Thunb. 1794

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 5 257- 320 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1974 photo fide; Die Orchideen Band 3 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973 photo fide; The Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Schelpe, Linder and Hall 1982 as Schizodiu cornutum photo fide; Schlechteriana Vol 2 No 4 1991 photo fide; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Orchidaceae Part 1 Pope 1995; African Orchids in the Wild and Cultivation La Croix 1997; Orchids of Southern Africa Linder & Kurzwell 1999 photo fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 2 Part One Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2001; A molecular phylogeny for the large African orchid genus Disa Bytebier 2006; AOS Bulletin Vol 76 #7 2007 photo fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Northern South Africa and Swaziland McMurty, Grobler, Grobler & Burns 2008 photo fide; Terrestrial African Orchids, A select Review John S. Ball 2009 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 84 #5 2015 drawing fide; Orchid Digest Vol 83 #2 2019 photo fide;