Disperis neilgherrensis Wight 1851

Photo by © P Bruggeman, courtesy of André Schuiteman, Dr. E.F. de Vogel and Jaap Vermeulen © and Their Netherlands National Herbarium Website

Part sunHot Warm Summer

Common Name The Nilgiri Mountain Disperis [Indian Mountain range] - In China Shuang Dai Lan

Flower Size 1/2" to 3/4" [1.25 to 1.9 cm]

Found in the India, Assam, Sri Lanka, Chinese Himalayas, Hong Kong, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, the Moluccas, the Philippines, New Guinea, Caroline Islands and Taiwan on hillsides in grass with long dry seasons at elevations of 400 to 1200 meters as a mini-miniature to to small sized, hot to warm growing terrestrial with ovoid tubers giving rise to an erect stem carrying usually 2, ovate, acuminate, cordate leaves with the upper smaller and not cordate and placed just below the flower that blooms in the summer on an erect, terminal, 1 to 2 successively flowered inflorescence.

Synonyms Disperis javanica J.J.Sm. 1914; Disperis lantauensis S.Y.Hu 1972; Disperis orientalis Fukuy. 1936; Disperis palawensis (Tuyama) Tuyama 1940; Disperis papuana Michol. & Kraenzl. 1900; Disperis philippinensis Schltr. 1911; Disperis rhodoneura Schltr. 1905; Disperis siamensis Rolfe ex Downie 1925; Disperis teleplana Maek. 1974; Disperis walkerae Rchb.f. 1876; Disperis zeylanica Trimen 1885; Disperis zeylanica var. neilgherrensis (Wight) Pradhan 1976; Pantlingia palawensis (Tuyama) Rauschert 1983; Stigmatodactylus palawensis Tuyama 1939

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1912 as Disperis rhodoneura Drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 as D siamensis; *Indian Orchids: Guide to Identification and Culture Vol 1 Pradhan 1976 as Disperis zeylanica var. neilgherrensis drawing good; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 31 #3 Orchid Genera in Thailand V Orchidoideae Seidenfaden 1977 as D siamensis drawing ok; A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon Vol 2 Dassanayake & Fosberg 1981 as D zeylanicumdrawing fide; Orchids of Nilgiris Joseph 1987 drawing fide; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 as D javanica; The Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 as D zeylandica drawing ok; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawings fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing ok; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; Flora Of Thailand Orchidaceae Vol 12 Part 1 Pedersen, Kurzweil, Suddee & Cribb 2011 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide