!Dracula chimaera (Rchb. f.) Luer 1978 SUBGENUS Dracula SECTION Dracula SUBSECTION Dracula SERIES Dracula Photo by © Lourens Grobler

Plant and Flowers

Flower Closeup

Photos courtesy of Manfred Schmucker plants grown by Akerne Orchids in Belgium

Lip Detail Photo courtesy of Danny Lentz, plant grown by Atlanta Botanical Garden

Side View of Flower Photo by Milan Vágner


Common Name The Chimaera Dracula [Mythical Monster]

Flower Size to 9" [to 22.5 cm]

A medium sized, cool to cold growing, terrestrial, lithophytic or epiphytic, Colombian and Ecuadorian species from elevations of 1400 to 2450 meters in cloud forests with clustered stems subtended by 2 to 3 loose sheaths carrying a single, apical, erect, narrowly oblanceolate leaves that blooms in the late autumn through winter on a pendant, 6 to 24" [15 to 60 cm] long inflorescence with tubular bracts that carries up to 6 single flowers borne in succession and require even well watered conditions year round. This plant should be grown in a wood slat or wire basket as the inflorescence poke down and out the sides of the plant and may be hindered by the inside wall of a pot.

Synonyms Dracula senilis (Rchb.f.) Luer 1978 ; Masdevallia backhousiana Rchb.f 1879; *Masdevallia chimaera Rchb.f 1872; Masdevallia chimaera var. backhousiana (Rchb.f.) A.H.Kent 1889;Masdevallia chimaera var. senilis (Rchb.f.) A.H.Kent 1889; Masdevallia chimaera var. stupenda (Rchb.f.) Stein 1892; Masdevallia senilis Rchb.f. 1885; Masdevallia wallisii Rchb.f var. stupenda Rchb.f 1875

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1874 as Masdevallia chimaera draing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Masdevallia chimaera; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Masdevallia chimaera drawing # 25 not - #29 fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 31 No 4 1962 photo as Masdevallia chimaera; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Masdevallia chimera; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 7 1979 photo; Native Colombian Orchid Vol 1 COS 1990 photo fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum X Systematics of Dracula Luer 1993 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 67 No 10 1998 photo; Australian Orchid Review Vol 65 No 6 2000 photo; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 43/3 2001; Libro Rojo de Plantas De Colombia Vol 6 Primera Parte Saenz 2007; Orchid Digest Vol 72 No 4 2008 photo; Draculas Del Ecuador Pupulin, Merino and Medina 2009 photo fide