!Dracula chimaera (Rchb. f.) Luer 1978 SUBGENUS Dracula SECTION Dracula SUBSECTION Dracula SERIES Dracula

Photo by © Lourens Grobler

Plant and Flowers

Flower Closeup

Photos by © Manfred Schmucker plants grown by Akerne Orchids in Belgium

Lip Detail

Photo by © Danny Lentz, plant grown by Atlanta Botanical Garden

Side View of Flower

Photo by Milan Vágner


Common Name The Chimaera Dracula [Mythical Monster]

Flower Size to 9" [to 22.5 cm]

A medium sized, cool to cold growing, terrestrial, lithophytic or epiphytic, Colombian and Ecuadorian species from elevations of 1400 to 2450 meters in cloud forests with clustered stems subtended by 2 to 3 loose sheaths carrying a single, apical, erect, narrowly oblanceolate leaves that blooms in the late autumn through winter on a pendant, 6 to 24" [15 to 60 cm] long inflorescence with tubular bracts that carries up to 6 single flowers borne in succession and require even well watered conditions year round.

This plant should be grown in a wood slat or wire basket as the inflorescence poke down and out the sides of the plant and may be hindered by the inside wall of a pot.

Synonyms Dracula senilis (Rchb.f.) Luer 1978 ; Masdevallia backhousiana Rchb.f 1879; *Masdevallia chimaera Rchb.f 1872; Masdevallia chimaera var. backhousiana (Rchb.f.) A.H.Kent 1889;Masdevallia chimaera var. senilis (Rchb.f.) A.H.Kent 1889; Masdevallia chimaera var. stupenda (Rchb.f.) Stein 1892; Masdevallia senilis Rchb.f. 1885; Masdevallia wallisii Rchb.f var. stupenda Rchb.f 1875

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1874 as Masdevallia chimaera draing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Masdevallia chimaera; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Masdevallia chimaera drawing # 25 not - #29 fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 31 No 4 1962 as Masdevallia chimaera photo fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Masdevallia chimera; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 7 385 - 448 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1975 as Masdevallia chimera; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 7 1979 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 #9 1984 photo fide; Thesaurus Dracularum Vol 3 Luer, Escobar and Dalstroem 1990 watercolor/drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 1 COS 1990 photo fide; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb & Laurent 1992; The Illustratred Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon, 1992 photo fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum X Systematics of Dracula Luer 1993 drawing fide; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Orchid Digest Vol 61 #4 1997 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 67 No 10 1998 photo ok; Australian Orchid Review Vol 65 No 6 2000 photo; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 42 - 43 pg 2626 - 2762 Brieger 2001; Orchid Digest Vol 66 #1 2002 drawing fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 4 Epidendroedeae Part 1 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase & Rasmussen 2005 drawing fide; Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005 photo fide; Libro Rojo de Plantas De Colombia Vol 6 Primera Parte Saenz 2007; Orchid Digest Vol 72 No 4 2008 photo fide; Draculas Del Ecuador Pupulin, Merino and Medina 2009 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 81 #11 2012 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 83 #4 2014 photo fide; Orchids Masdevallia with its segregates including Dracula Zelenko 2014 photo fide; Orchids, A Colombian Treasure Vol 1 Ortiz & Uribe 2014 drawing/photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 81 #2 2017 photo fide;