!Baptistonia echinata Barb. Rodr. 1877 Photo by Eric Hunt and His Orchid Website

Inflorescence Photo courtesy of Patricia Harding

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Common Name The Hedge Hog Baptistonia

Flower Size to .8" [2 cm]

This is a small sized, cool to hot growing epiphyte, native to Minas Gerais, Espiritu Santo, Rio de Janiero, Sao Paulo, Parana and Santa Catarina Brazil in montane rainforests at elevations of 50 to 1200 meters that has narrowly ellipsoidal or subcylindric, compressed pseudobulbs partially enveloped basally by several distichous, imbricating, leafless sheaths carrying 1 to 2 apical, oblong-lanceolate, narrowly elliptic or obovate, acute leaves that blooms in the winter on a 1 1/2' [45 cm] long, pendulous, mottled with dull crimson, paniculate [2 to 6 flowers per branch]or racemose, densly many flowered inflorescence with papery, elliptic, obtuse floral bracts and has numerous small flowers.

They do best mounted on tree fern or cork and like to be kept humid, with moderate shade and have frequent waterings year round with less after the pseudobulbs fully mature.

Synonyms Epidendrum tetrapetalum Vell. 1831; Gomesa echinata (Barb.Rodr.) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2009; Oncidium brunleesianum Rchb.f. 1878; Oncidium echinatum Cogn. 1902; Oncidium vellozoanum Pabst 1957

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Das Pflanzanreich Regni Vegetabilis Conspectus Odontoglossum/Oncidium Kranzlin 1922 as Oncidum echinatum; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1881 as Oncidium brunleesianum; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Oncidium brunleesianum drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 57 No 1 1988 photo; Orchids of Brazil McQueen 1993; AOS Bulletin Vol 65 No 2 1996 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 65 No 3 1996 photo; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 33-6 1997 drawing/photo fide; Orchid Species Culture: Oncidium, Bakers 2006; Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Laurent 1992; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchds Pridgeon 1992; Orchidaceae Brasilienses Vol 2 Pabst - Dungs 1977; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 7 2005 photo; Icones Orchidacearum Brasilienses II Plate 108 Castro 2006 drawing ok/photo fide; Miniature Orchids Frownie 2007; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 as Oncidium brunleesianum photo fide; Orchids of Brazil Vol 1 Oncidinae Baptista, Harding & Neto 2011 photo fide

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