Encyclia cyperifolia (C. Schweinf.) Carnevali & I. Ramírez 1993 Photos courtesy of Jay Pfahl©

Purple flushed color form

Another Plant Photos courtesy of Patricia Harding

Part sun HotCoolLATESummer and EARLYFall

Common Name The Sword-Leafed Encyclia

Flower Size 2 1/2" [6 cm]

Found in Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador and Peru as a small to medium sized, pendant, hot to cool growing, caespitose epiphyte in hot, wet montane forests that occurs at elevations of 50 to 1200 meters with ovoid-pyriform, [leek-like] lightly sulcate pseudobulbs subtended by several basal, scarious sheaths and carries 3 to 4, narrowly linear, acuminate, coriaceous, basally clasping leaves and blooms on an apical, erect, 12 to 20" [30 to 50 cm] long, pebbley, racemose or few branched, loosely few to several [15] flowered, paniculate inflorescence with small tubular, scarious bracts that is the length of the leaves and carrying a few [4 to 5] flowers arising on a mature pseudobulb occuring in the late summer and early fall.

Synonyms Bletia ensiformis Ruiz & Pav. 1798; Encyclia ensiformis (Ruiz & Pav.) Mansf. ?; Encyclia microtis var grandiflora [Schweinf.] Hoehne 1952; Epidendrum cyperifolium C. Schweinf. 1953; Epidendrum microtos var. grandiflorum C. Schweinf. 1943

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959 as Epidendrum cyperifolium; Fieldiana Biology, Vol 33, 1st Supple. to the Orchids of Peru Schweinfurth 1970 as Epidendrum cyperifolia; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 035 Benmnett & Christenson 1993 drawing ok; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Vol VI Withner 2000 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Brasilenses Vol I Plate 053 Castro & Campacci 2000 drawing ok; Coletanea de Orquideas Brasileiras 1 Encyclias 2003; Orchids of The Brazilian Central Plateau Menezes 2004 photo fide; Flora of Ecuador No 87 225[3] Orchidaceae Dodson & Luer 2010 drawing good; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide

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