Encyclia gravida (Lindl.) Schltr. 1918 Photo by © The Ecured Website

Part Sun Warm Cool Fall

Common Name The Heavy Fruit Butterfly Orchid

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found in Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Cuba, Jamaica and Trinidad in wet broadleafed forests at elevations of 600 to 1500 meters as a small sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte with clustered, usually wrinkled, ovoid to subglobose pseudobulbs enveloped basally by scarious, evanescent bracts carrying 2 to 3, apical, rigid to flexible, coriaceous, linear, acute leaves that blooms in the fall on a terminal, erect to arcuate, peduncle terete, 3.6 to 11.6 [9 to 29 cm] long, racemose to paniculate, branches from .4 to 2.2" [1 to 5.5 cm] long, overall 4.8 to 28.4" [12 to 71 cm] long few to 24 flowered inflorescence .

Synonyms Encyclia monticola (Fawc. & Rendle) Acuña 1939; Encyclia oncidioides var. gravida (Lindl.) Hoehne 1952; Encyclia sintenisii (Rchb.f.) Britton in N.L.Britton & P.Wilson 1924; *Epidendrum gravidum Lindl. 1849; Epidendrum monticola Fawc. & Rendle 1909; Epidendrum oncidioides var. gravidum (Lindl.) Ames, F.T.Hubb. & C.Schweif. 1935; Epidendrum sintenisii Rchb.f. 1885

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Epidendrum monticolum; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Epidendrum sintensii; Flora Of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 as Epidendrum monticolum drawing fide; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum oncidioides var gravidum; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as Epidendrum oncidioides var gravidum; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956 as Epidendrum oncidioides var gravidum; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 10 1957 drawing as Epidendrum oncidioides var gravidum; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958 as Epidendrum oncidioides var gravidum; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959 as Epidendrum oncidioides var gravidum; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960 as Epidendrum oncidioides var gravidum drawing fide; The Genus Encyclia in Mexico Dressler & Pollard 1974 photo ok; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Pabst & Dungs 1975 drawing ok; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 10 576 - 632 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 4 1979 as Epidendrum gravidum; Icones Plantarum Tropicarum Plate 691 Hamer 1982 drawing ok; Orchids of Guatemala and Belize Ames and Correll 1985 as Epidendrum oncidioides var gravidum drawing fide; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 photo fide; Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as Encyclia gravida drawing good; The Orchidsof Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman & Mayda 1992 drawing good; Field Guide to the Orchids of Panama Dressler 1993; An Orchid Flora of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995 drawing fide; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1995; Cattleya and Their relatives vol 4 Withner 1996 as E monticola photo good; Cattleya and Their relatives vol 4 Withner 1996 as E sintenisii photo good; Cattleya and Their relatives vol 5 Withner 1998 photo hmm/drawing good; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000; Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Laramendi 2005 photo fide; Orchids of French Guiana Szlachetko, Veyret etal 2014 drawing/photo fide; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014

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