Epidendrum barbae Rchb.f. 1866 GROUP Polychlamys SUBGROUP Polychlamys Photo by Karremans and The Epidendra Website

Plant and Flowers Photo by Daniel Jimenez and his Flickr Orchid Photo Website


Common Name The Barba Volcano Epidendrum

Flower Size 1.2 [3 cm]

Found in Costa Rica and Panama on the continental divide at elevations of 2000 to 3200 meters as a small to medium sized, cold growing epiphyte or rarely terrestrial with a simple, terete, cane-like, thin, straight stem enveloped by acute, scarious, tubular sheaths and carrying 2 to 7, clustered towards the apex, alternate, articulate, unequal, the basal leaf smaller, coriaceous, elliptic-lanceolate, acute, unequally bilobed apically, basally clasping leaves that blooms in the late winter through fall on a terminal, erect, occuring only once, racemose, distichous, arching, 1.2 to 2.6 [3 to 6.5 cm] long including the short peduncle that is hidden by the 1 to 3 bracts similar to the floral bracts, rachis, terete, thin, zig-zag, 6 to 12 flowered inflorescence with longer than the ovary, progressively shorter above, ovate, acute, yellow, conduplicate floral bracts and carrying simultaneously opening, resupinate flowers.

Distinguished by the branched stems with 2 to 3 ovate-lanceolate leaves at the apex, a peduncel that is covered by the 2 conduplicate bracts, the floral bracts are large, prominent and completely cover the ovary, the fan-shaped, retuse lip with a apical apicule


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Beitr. Orchid.-K. C. Amer. 83. Rchb.f 1866; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 911 Hagsater & Sanchez 2007 drawing fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 3 Morales 2009 photo fide;