Epidendrum barbae Rchb.f. 1866 GROUP Polychlamys SUBGROUP Polychlamys Photo by Karremans and The Epidendra Website

Plant and Flowers Photo by Daniel Jimenez and his Flickr Orchid Photo Website

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Common Name The Barba Volcano Epidendrum

Flower Size 1.2 [3 cm]

Found in Costa Rica and Panama on the continental divide at elevations of 2000 to 3200 meters as a small to medium sized, cold growing epiphyte or rarely terrestrial with a simple, terete, cane-like, thin, straight stem enveloped by acute, scarious, tubular sheaths and carrying 2 to 7, clustered towards the apex, alternate, articulate, unequal, the basal leaf smaller, coriaceous, elliptic-lanceolate, acute, unequally bilobed apically, basally clasping leaves that blooms in the late winter through fall on a terminal, erect, occuring only once, racemose, distichous, arching, 1.2 to 2.6 [3 to 6.5 cm] long including the short peduncle that is hidden by the 1 to 3 bracts similar to the floral bracts, rachis, terete, thin, zig-zag, 6 to 12 flowered inflorescence with longer than the ovary, progressively shorter above, ovate, acute, yellow, conduplicate floral bracts and carrying simultaneously opening, resupinate flowers.

Distinguished by the branched stems with 2 to 3 ovate-lanceolate leaves at the apex, a peduncel that is covered by the 2 conduplicate bracts, the floral bracts are large, prominent and completely cover the ovary, the fan-shaped, retuse lip with a apical apicule

Synonyms

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Beitr. Orchid.-K. C. Amer. 83. Rchb.f 1866; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 911 Hagsater & Sanchez 2007 drawing fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 3 Morales 2009 photo fide;

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