Epidendrum bracteosum Ames & C.Schweinf. 1930GROUP Bracteosum SUBGROUP Pallens TYPE Photo by D Scherberich/TYPE Drawing by Hagsater & Jimenez and The AMO Herbaria Website

Collection sheet and Drawing Drawing by Ames and The Epidendra Website


Common Name The Bracteate Epidendrum [refers to the prominent, conduplicate floral bracts]

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Costa Rica in oak and elfin forests at the base of trees in mosses at elevations around 3150 meters as a miniature to small sized, cold growing epiphyte with erect, cane-like, short, thick, laterally compressed, straight stems enveloped below by scarious, membraneous bracts carrying 3 to 4, in the apical 1/2 of the stem, coriaceous, elliptic to ovate, rounded and minutely apiculate apically, margin entire, dark green with purple leaves that blooms in the summer through earlier fall on a terminal, racemose, occuring only once, short, thin, ancipitose, straight, arching, 1.4 to 2" [3.5 to 5 cm] long, 3 to 9 flowered inflorescence with a near the base, basally tubular, conduplicate above, narrowly triangular-ovate, subacute, somewhat ancipitose bract with conspicuous, longer than the ovary, conduplicate, cymbiform, acute floral bracts and carrying simultaneously opening, resupinate, non fragrant, pale green slightly tinged with copper flowers.

The small plants with the stems enveloped by scarious sheaths, the wide, rounded apically leaves, the peduncle with 2 bracts, the conduplicate, spaced floral bracts, the green tinged purple flowers with narrowly oblanceolate to spathulate petals and an ovate-cordate lip with 3 very prominent keels characterize this species form others.


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Icones Orchidaceaum 11 Plate 1106 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 drawing fide;