Epidendrum bricenoorum Damian & Hágsater 2018 GROUP Philippii
Dissection and Flower photos by © A. Díaz and courtesy of Eric Hagsater The AMO Herbario Website
Common Name The Briceño´s Epidendrum [In honor of Julio Augusto Briceño Vidaurre and his family, of Chachapoyas, Peru, in recognition for their efforts to preserve ENDA, where the type of this species was found. The property was given to Alonso Briceño in 1760 by the Spanish Crown for services rendered. The name Enda is a Celtic word for bird. Current]
Flower Size 1.6" [4 cm]
Found in northern Peru on both sides of the Andes in montane forest at elevations of 2100 to 2850 meters as a medium to large sized, cold growing terrestrial or epiphyte with simple, cane-like, produced from the middle of the previous stem, terete at base, laterally compressed above, erect stems with the base covered by tubular, non-foliar, scarious sheaths and carrying 3 to 7, aggregate towards the apex of the stem, sub-erect with respect to the stem, alternate, articulate, thin, elliptic, apex acute, margin crenulate leaves that blooms in the late summer and early fall on a terminal, sub-erect, arching, peduncle 1.6 to 1.68" [4 to 4.2 cm] long, laterally compressed, 3.2 to 4.8" [8 to 12 cm] long overall, racemose, rachis 1.8 to 3" [4.5 to 7.5 cm] long, terete, successively to 3, to 10 flowered inflorescence with much shorter than the ovary, triangular-lanceolate, acuminate, clasping floral bracts and carrying resupinate, fleshy, dark wine-purple, the base of the column green, the clinandrium hood white and fragrance has not been not registered flowers.
"Epidendrum bricenorum is reminiscent of the GROUP Philippii which is characterized by the sympodial, caespitose habit, few-leaved stems, flattened above, the erect to arching racemose to pluri-racemose inflorescence, producing new racemes from the same peduncle, in successive years, flowers generally non-resupinate, lip 3-lobed, the distal margins of the lateral lobes dentate to short fimbriate. The species is recognized by the elliptic, acute leaves, resupinate, dark wine-red flowers, the base of the column dark green, clinandrium-hood white, lip 3-lobed, base deeply cordate, margin entire throughout, mid-lobe bilobed, lateral lobes transversely ovate-elliptic, about 3 times larger than the apical hemi-orbicular lobes bicallose, the calli prominent, laterally compressed, subquadrate, laminar, slightly oblique, corners somewhat rounded, leaning towards each other in natural position, the disc with three distinct fleshy, verrucose ridges in front. Epidendrum fruticetorum Schltr. has narrow, obliquely lanceolate petals, sepals .6" [15 mm] long, and the lateral lobes of the lip .3 x1.28" [7.5 x 3.2 mm], ovate triangular; mid-lobe .24 x 1.48" [6 x 3.7 mm], oblong, the apex acuminate. Epidendrum freireanum Hágsater & E.Santiago has purple leaves and stems, flowers small, sepals .4" [10 mm] long, sepals, petals and basal half of column wine-red to purple-brown, apical half of column and lip ivory white, immaculate. Epidendrum odontospathum Rchb.f. (syn. Epidendrum refractoides C.Schweinf.) has widely elliptic leaves, the apex rounded, non-resupinate flowers green, orange-yellow to brown, base of lip slightly cordate, margin erose, lateral lobes obliquely reniform, same size as the mid-lobe; bicallose the calli small, sub-globose, disc with 3 fleshy low keels that reach the apex of the mid-lobe." Hagsater etal 2018
References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Icones Orchidacearum 16(1): t. 1607 Hagsater etal 2018 drawing/photo fide;