Epidendrum calyptratoides Hágsater & Dodson 2001 GROUP Megalospathum SUBGROUP Vesicicaule


Plant and Flowers Photos by © fjs - Lindau - Frank Jordan

TYPE Drawing TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Common Name The Calyptratum-Like Epidendrum

Flower Size .6" [1.5 cm]

Found in Colombia, Ecuador and Peru on the Amazon side of the Andes at elevations of 2500 to 2750 meters as a miniature to small sized, cold, pendent growing epiphyte with laterally flattened, thin, fleshy, arising from the basal to middle internode of the previous stem, and carrying 5 to 11, unequal, all along the stem, articulate, linear-lanceolate, oblique, acute leaves that blooms in the spring and summer on a terminal, arising on a mature stem, occuring only once, racemose, .56 to .8" [1.4 to 2 cm] long, simultaneously 4 to 9 flowered inflorescence arising through a solitary, conduplicate, narrowly semi-lanceolate, acuminate spathe with narrowly triangular, acuminate, shorter than the ovary floral bract and carrying green tinged with red flowers with a white anther.

This species is in a group of about 12 species that have often in the past been considered synomonous and are spread from Colombia to Bolivia. The separated species include E. cardiomorphum, Epidendrum calyptratum, Epidendrum calyptrectylosum; Epidendrum chaparense, Epidendrum falcivesicicaule, Epidendrum lagotis, Epidendrum pachyclinium, Epidendrum platypetalum and Epidendrum vesicicaule.

"Epidendrum calyptratoides is recognized by the hanging plants, oblique linear-lanceolate leaves 14:1 (length:width), semi-lanceolate spathe with 4 to 9 flowered raceme, ovary inflated forming a vesicle at the apical l/3, and 6-winged, the floral segments partly spreading; the lip elliptic, bicallose, and the oblong petals, the clinandrium somewhat surpassing the body of the column. Epidendrum calyptratum, though very similar, has spreading sepals and petals, linear petals, and the ovary longer and thin, not inflated, the clinandrium widely cucullate, entire." Hagsater 2001


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 426 Hagsater & Dodson 2001 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 12 Plate 1290 Hagsater 2009 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 14 Plate 1414 Hagsater & Santiago 2013 See recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 15 [2] Plate 1599 Hagsater & Sanchez 2016 see recognition section; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 photo fide;