Epidendrum criniferum Rchb. f. 1871 GROUP Cristatum SUBGROUP Cristatum Photo by Allen Black Photo by Patricia Harding

Another Color Form Photo by Weyman Bussey

Fragrance Part sun Hot to Warm Winter

Common Name The Hair Carrying Epidendrum [refers to the lip]

Flower Size 3/4" [2 cm]

Found in Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru in wet montane forests at elevations of 100 to 1000 meters as a small to medium sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte with clustered stems enveloped basally by several tubular scarious sheaths and carrying densely many, linear-lanceolate, acute, basally conduplicate leaves and blooms in the winter on a terminal, erect, loosely 3 to 7 flowered, compressed inflorescence with the peduncle enveloped by imbricating, long-pointed sheathing bracts with showy, fragrant, long-lived flowers.

This species stand out with its small plants with linear-lanceolate, coriaceous leaves, a pluriracemose inflorescence with a trilobed , the lateral lobes deeply fimbriate, the medial lobe long, linear and thin.

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 3 1980 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 9 1984 photo; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 713 Hamer 1982 drwaing fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II Orchids of Peru Plate 0061 Dodson & Bennett 1989 drawing fide; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum plate 044 Bennett & Christenson 1993; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 5 COS 1994 photo fide; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo fide; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2005 drawing/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1114 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 drawing fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 3 Morales 2009 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; Le Petit Larousse des Orquidees Lecoufle, Barthelemy and Schmidt 2013 photo fide; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 drawing/photo fide;