Epidendrum vincentinum Lindl. 1841GROUP Violascens

Photo courtesy of AEVA le toto-bois


Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website


Common Name The Saint Vincent Epidendrum [An island in the Caribbean]

Flower Size 1/4" [.6 cm]

Found in the Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Leewards, Windwards, Trinidad, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia? in wet montane forests, often in disturbed sites, at elevations of 500 to 1400 meters as a miniature to small sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte and rarely terrestrial with an elongate, cane-like, branching, branches progressively shorter, new stems arising from the sub-apical node of the previous stem carrying 3 to 15, all along the stem, alternate, articulate, narrowly elliptic, acute, basally clasping, green with purple spots, apical margin minutely papillose leaves that blooms in the winter and spring on an apical, without a spathe, paniculate, with a narrowly triangular, acuminate bract at the base of each branch, peduncle terete, lacking bracts, filiform, rachis filiform, zig-zag, .8 to 4.8" [2 to 12 cm] long, overall, simultaneously 9 to 40, flowered inflorescence arising on a mature stem with triangular, acute clasping floral bracts and carrying small, delicate, resupinate flowers with the sepals and lip greenish to pinkish purple or brown and the petals hyaline white to purple.

"Epidendrum vincentinum belongs to the GROUP Violascens which is recognized by the small, fast growing plants, sometimes producing subapical new stems, flat leaves, thin peduncle and rachis of the inflorescence, and numerous, small, delicate and generally greenish flowers. The species has .24 to .28" [6 to 7 mm] sized flowers, with a reniform lip, the margin minutely erose-ciliate, bicallose, with 3 verrucose keels. Epidendrum violascens has terete leaves and the callus of the lip is tridentate." Hagsater etal 2010

Synonyms Epidendropsis vincentina (Lindl.) Garay & Dunst. 1976; Epidendrum serricardium Schltr. 1923

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 218. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as Epidendrum serricardium; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum serricardium; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956 as Epidendrum serricardium; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 drawing good; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 as Epidendrum vincentinum; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 6 Dunsterville & Garay 1976 as Epidendropsis vincentina drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as Epidendropsis vincentina drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 372 Dodson 1980 as Epidendropsis vincentina drawing fide; The Orchids of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1992 drawing fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 as Epidendrum vincentinum drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 drawing fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 as Epidendrum vincentianum; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Orchids of Bolivia Vol 2 Laelinae Vasquez and Ibisch 2004; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 PHOTO FIDE; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1196 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 drawing fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 3 Morales 2009 photo fide; Orchids of the Department of Valle De Cauca Colombia Vol 2 Kolanowska, Hagsater etal. 2014 drawing/photo fide; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014; Orchids of the Darien Gap Kolanowska 2014 drawing fide; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 drawing/photo fide; Orquideas de Farallones de Cali Galindo-Tarazona, Haelterman, Zuluaga Trochez and Sebastian Moreno 2020 photo fide