Epidendrum paniculatum Ruiz and Pavon 1798 GROUP Pseudepidendrum SUBGROUP Paniculatum TYPE

Close up Photos by © Delsy Trujillo

Drawing Drawing by © Eric Hagsater

Fragrance Part sun Cool to ColdLate Summer THROUGH LATEwinter

Common Name The Paniculate Epidendrum

Flower Size about 1" [about 2.5 cm]

A medium to giant sized, variable, erect, cool to cold growing epiphytic species occuring in wet tropical forests at elevations of 1700 to 2800 meters with clustered, cane-like, terete, straight stems enveloped by grey to brown leaf-sheaths carrying 18 to 20, all along the stem, alternate, articulate, erect-spreading, often purple tinged with longitudinal reddish lines, elliptic, short acuminate, margin entire, purplish, basally clasping leaves that blooms in the late summer through late winter on an apical, paniculate [3 to 8 racemes], occuring only once, erect to suberect, laterally compressed below, loose, to 9.6" to 11.6" [24 to 29 cm] long, including the 1.6 to 2.8" [4 to 7 cm] long peduncle, terminal raceme or panicle with lanceolate, acute bracts at the base of each branch with a few to many fragrant, variable in color flowers opening in succession over a long period of time.

Eric Hagsater has undertaken a great revision of this species complex and he has separated out 6 species throughout the larger E paniculatum subgroup range and has now revealed the original Peruvian endemic species that typifies this species. The photo by Delsy Trujillo is what Hagsater uses to illustrate his species concept.

Synonyms Epidendrum atacazoicum Schltr 1921; Epidendrum bifalce Schltr. 1929; Epidendrum brachythyrsus Kraenzl 1911; Epidendrum caloglossum Schltr. 1921; Epidendrum densiflorum Hooker 1840; Epidendrum fastigiatum Lindl. 1853; Epidendrum floribundum var. convexum Lindl. 1853; Epidendrum frons-bovis Kraenzl. 1905; Epidendrum isthmi Schlechter 1922; Epidendrum longicrure Schltr. 1920; Epidendrum ornatum Lem. 1848; Epidendrum paniculatum var. longicrure Lindl. 1853; Epidendrum piliferum Rchb.f 1877; Epidendrum reflexum A&S 1925; Epidendrum rubrocinctum Lindl. 1843; Epidendrum syringaeflorum Warsz. ex Rchb. f. 1854; Epidendrum turialvae Rchb.f 1871

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854 as E laeve; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as E laeve; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as E floribundum; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878 as E laeve; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878 as E fastigiatum; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing ok; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as E floribundum drawing ok; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten II Colombia Schlechter 1920 as E longicrure; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten II Colombia Schlechter 1920 as E macroceras; *Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten III Ecuador Schlechter 1921 as E caloglossum; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten V Bolivia Schlechter 1922 as E humidicolum; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 34. Panama Schlechter 1922 E isthmi; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959 e paniculatum var linearifolium; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 as E fastigiatum; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as E paniculatum; AOS Bulletin VOl 38 No 6 1969; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 drawing ok; ; Die Orchideen #9 33-36 tafel 9 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 as E rubrocinctum photo fide; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 appendix; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 5 1979; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 082 Dodson 1980 see observations; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 382 Dodson 1980 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 742 Dodson 1982 see observations as Epidendrum turialvae; Orchid DIgest VOl 49 No 3 1985 as E cryptoglossum drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1323 Atwood 1989 drawing ok; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 102 Hagsater & Sanchez 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 2 plate 109 Hagsater & Salazar 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Plate 108 Hagsater 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 156 Hagsater 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 173 Hagsater 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 180 Hagsater 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 181 Hagsater & Sanchez 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 2 plate 183 Hagsater & Salazar 1993 see recognition section as E isthmusii; Icones Orchidacearum 2 plate 196 Hagsater & Salazar 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 249 Bennett & Christenson 1995 see observations; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 384 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 466 Bennett & Christenson 1998 see observations; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 347 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 380 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 438 Hagsater 2001 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 446 Hagsater 2001 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 471 Hagsater 2001 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 489 Hagsater 2001 see recognition section; Orchids of Bolivia Vol 2 Laelinae Vasquez and Ibisch 2004; Orchids of The Brazilian Central Plateau Menezes 2004 photo fide; Vanishing Beauty; Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 as Epidendrum isthmusii; Vanishing Beauty; Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 as as Epidendrum piliferum; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 drawing/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1131 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 as Epidendrum hondurense; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1132 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 as Epidendrum isthmii; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1131 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 in recognition section as Epidendrum resectum; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1170 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 as Epidendrum resectum; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1196 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 as epidendrum verricipes; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1344 Hagsater 2010 as E laeve drawing fide; Orquideas del Peru Freuler 2010 photo ok; An Illustrated Field Guide to the Orchids of the Yotoco Forest Reserve Colombia Kolanowska, Escobar, Sanchez & Szlachetko 2011 drawing hmm

The Pseudepidendrum GROUP E paniculatum SUBGROUP

  1. Epidendrum agoyanense Hágsater & Dodson 1993 Ecuador

  2. Epidendrum aguaricoense Hágsater & Dodson 2001 Ecuador

  3. Epidendrum aguirrei Hágsater1999 Colombia

  4. Epidendrum amplum D.E.Benn. & Christenson 1998 Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia

  5. Epidendrum angaritae Hágsater 1999

  6. Epidendrum angustilobopaniculatum Hágsater & Dodson 2001 Ecuador

  7. Epidendrum atacazoicum Schltr. 1921 Ecuador

  8. Epidendrum atroscriptum Hágsater 1993 Southern Mexico and Guatemala

  9. Epidendrum barbaricum Hagsater & Dodson 2001 Ecuador

  10. Epidendrum cirrhochiloides Hagsater & Santiago 2008 Panama

  11. Epidendrum cirrhochilum F. Lehm. & Kraenzl. 1899 Panama, Colombia and Ecuador

  12. Epidendrum densiflorum Hooker 1840Venezuela, French Guiana, Guyana, Surinam and Brazil

  13. Epidendrum dipus Lindl 1845 Fr Guiana and SE Brazil

  14. Epidendrum embreei Dodson 1982 Ecuador

  15. Epidendrum fosbergii Hágsater & Dodson 2001 Ecuador

  16. Epidendrum gratiosum Rchb.f. 1856 Peru

  17. Epidendrum horichii Hágsater 1999 Costa Rica

  18. Epidendrum ionodesme Schlechter 1920 Colombia, Ecuador, Peru And Bolivia

  19. Epidendrum isthmi Schltr.1922 Guatemala, Costa Rica and Panama

  20. Epidendrum isthmoides Hagsater & Santiago 2008 Costa Rica

  21. Epidendrum jatunsachanum Dodson & Hágsater 1994

  22. Epidendrum jasminosmum Hágsater & Dodson 2001 Ecuador and Peru

  23. Epidendrum laeve Lindley 1844

  24. Epidendrum longibracteatum Hágsater 1999 Panama

  25. Epidendrum lopezii Hágsater 1999 Colombia

  26. Epidendrum macbridei C. Schweinf. 1943 Ecuador and Peru

  27. Epidendrum melanoporphyreum Hágsater 1993 Peru

  28. Epidendrum nanegalense Hágsater & Dodson 2001 Ecuador

  29. Epidendrum paniculatum Ruiz and Pavon 1798 Belize, Costa Rica, Panama, Windwards, French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil and Argentina

  30. Epidendrum patulipetalum Schltr. 1921

  31. Epidendrum parviflorum Ruiz & Pav.1798 Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia

  32. Epidendrum peraltum Schltr. 1920 Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia?

  33. Epidendrum piliferum Rchb.f. 1877 Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama

  34. Epidendrum pirrense Hágsater 2001 Panama

  35. Epidendrum poeppigii Hágsater 1993 Ecuador

  36. Epidendrum porphyreum Lindl. 1841 Colombia and Ecuador

  37. Epidendrum pseudopaniculatum Dodson 1978 Ecuador

  38. Epidendrum roseoscriptum Hágsater 1993 western Mexico

  39. Epidendrum shigenobui Hágsater 1999 Colombia

  40. Epidendrum silvae Hágsater & V.P.Castro 1999 Brazil

  41. Epidsendrum subnutans Ames & Schweinf. 1930 Costa Rica Panama

  42. Epidendrum successivum Hágsater & F.E.L.Miranda 1993 Brazil

  43. Epidendrum sucumbiense Hágsater & Dodson 2001 Ecuador

  44. Epidendrum veroscriptum Hágsater 1993 Mexico, Nicaragua and Costa Rica

  45. Epidendrum viridipurpureum Hook. 1838

  46. Epidendrum yungasense Rolfe ex Rusby 1895 Bolivia

    GROUP Pseudoepidendrum SUBGROUP Turialvae

  47. Epidendrum antonense Panama

  48. Epidendrum hondurense Ames 1933 Honduras

  49. Epidendrum iguagoi Hagsater & Dodson 2001 Ecuador

  50. Epidendrum ionophyllum P.Ortiz 1997 Colombia

  51. Epidendrum jatunsachanum Dodson & Hágsater 1994 Ecuador

  52. Epidendrum pseudepidendrum Rchb. f. 1856 Costa Rica and Panama

  53. Epidendrum resectum Rchb.f 1876 Costa Rica Panama

  54. Epidendrum rodrigoi Hágsater 1993 Colombia

  55. Epidendrum tacarcunense Hágsater 1999 Panama

  56. Epidendrum turialvae Nicaragua Costa Rica

  57. Epidendrum vieirae Hágsater 1993 Colombia

  58. Epidendrum xanthoianthinum Hágsater 1993 Colombia

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