Epidendrum paniculatum Ruiz and Pavon 1798 GROUP Pseudepidendrum SUBGROUP Paniculatum TYPE

Close up Photos by Delsy Trujillo

Drawing Drawing by Eric Hagsater

Fragrance Part sun Cool to ColdLate Summer THROUGH LATEwinter

Common Name The Paniculate Epidendrum

Flower Size about 1" [about 2.5 cm]

A medium to giant sized, variable, erect, cool to cold growing epiphytic species occuring in wet tropical forests at elevations of 1700 to 2800 meters with clustered, cane-like, terete, straight stems enveloped by grey to brown leaf-sheaths carrying 18 to 20, all along the stem, alternate, articulate, erect-spreading, often purple tinged with longitudinal reddish lines, elliptic, short acuminate, margin entire, purplish, basally clasping leaves that blooms in the late summer through late winter on an apical, paniculate [3 to 8 racemes], occuring only once, erect to suberect, laterally compressed below, loose, to 9.6" to 11.6" [24 to 29 cm] long, including the 1.6 to 2.8" [4 to 7 cm] long peduncle, terminal raceme or panicle with lanceolate, acute bracts at the base of each branch with a few to many fragrant, variable in color flowers opening in succession over a long period of time.

Eric Hagsater has undertaken a great revision of this species complex and he has separated out 6 species throughout the larger E paniculatum subgroup range and has now revealed the original Peruvian endemic species that typifies this species. The photos by Delsy Trujillo are what Hagsater uses to illustrate his species concept.

Synonyms Epidendrum atacazoicum Schltr 1921; Epidendrum bifalce Schltr. 1929; Epidendrum brachythyrsus Kraenzl 1911; Epidendrum caloglossum Schltr. 1921; Epidendrum densiflorum Hooker 1840; Epidendrum fastigiatum Lindl. 1853; Epidendrum floribundum var. convexum Lindl. 1853; Epidendrum isthmi Schlechter 1922; Epidendrum longicrure Schltr. 1920; Epidendrum ornatum Lem. 1848; Epidendrum paniculatum var. longicrure Lindl. 1853; Epidendrum piliferum Rchb.f 1877; Epidendrum reflexum A&S 1925; Epidendrum rubrocinctum Lindl. 1843; Epidendrum syringaeflorum Warsz. ex Rchb. f. 1854; Epidendrum turialvae Rchb.f 1871

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854 as E laeve; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as E laeve; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as E floribundum; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878 as E laeve; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878 as E fastigiatum; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 6: 69 Schlechter 1919 as E floribundum; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 6: 71 Schlechter 1919; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 247 Schlechter 1920 as E fastigiatum; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 247 Schlechter 1920 as E floribundum; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 250 Schlechter 1920; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 137 Schlechter 1920 as E longicrure; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 138 Schlechter 1920 as E macroceras; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 247 Schlechter 1920 as Epidendrum floribundum; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing ok; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as E floribundum drawing ok; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 8: 68 Schlechter 1921 as E caloglossum; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 10: 44 Schlechter 1922 as E humidicolum; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 34. Panama Schlechter 1922 E isthmi; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 10: 71 Bolivia Schlechter 1922; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. Figuren -Atlas 57: 336 Schlechter 1929 as E caloglossum drawing fide; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; Iconografia de Orchidaceae Do Brasil Hoehne 1949 drwaing fide; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959 e paniculatum var linearifolium; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 not =E densiflorum; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as E paniculatum; AOS Bulletin VOl 38 No 6 1969; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 drawing ok; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 appendix; Orchidaceae Brasilense Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 drawing good; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977 as E rubrocinctum photo fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 5 1979; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 082 Dodson 1980 see observations; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 382 Dodson 1980 drawing fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1981 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 742 Dodson 1982 see observations as Epidendrum turialvae; Orchid DIgest VOl 49 No 3 1985 as E cryptoglossum drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1323 Atwood 1989 drawing ok; A Guide to Orchids of the World Hodgson, Paine and Anderson 1991 photo fide; Inventaire Taxominique des Plantes de la Guyane Francaise Vol II Les Orchidaceaes Cremers and Hoff 1992 Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 102 Hagsater & Sanchez 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 2 plate 109 Hagsater & Salazar 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Plate 108 Hagsater 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 156 Hagsater 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 173 Hagsater 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 180 Hagsater 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 181 Hagsater & Sanchez 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 2 plate 183 Hagsater & Salazar 1993 see recognition section as E isthmusii; Icones Orchidacearum 2 plate 196 Hagsater & Salazar 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 249 Bennett & Christenson 1995 see observations; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1995 as E floribundum; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 384 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 466 Bennett & Christenson 1998 see observations; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 347 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 380 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 438 Hagsater 2001 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 446 Hagsater 2001 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 471 Hagsater 2001 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 489 Hagsater 2001 see recognition section; Machu Picchu Orchids Christenson 2003 mphoto ok; Orchids of Bolivia Vol 2 Laelinae Vasquez and Ibisch 2004; Orchids of The Brazilian Central Plateau Menezes 2004 photo fide; Orquideologia 24: 3 Ortiz & Hagsater 2005; Vanishing Beauty; Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 as Epidendrum isthmusii; Vanishing Beauty; Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 as as Epidendrum piliferum; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2005 drawing/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1131 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 as Epidendrum hondurense; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1132 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 as Epidendrum isthmii; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1131 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 in recognition section as Epidendrum resectum; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1170 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 as Epidendrum resectum; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1196 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 as E verricipes; The Organ Mountain Range Its History and its Orchids Miller, Warren, Miller & Seehawer 2008 drawing/photo good; Orquideologia 27:#1 Ortiz & Hagsater 2010 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1344 Hagsater 2010 as E laeve drawing fide; Orquideas del Peru Freuler 2010 photo ok; An Illustrated Field Guide to the Orchids of the Yotoco Forest Reserve Colombia Kolanowska, Escobar, Sanchez & Szlachetko 2011 drawing hmm; Orchids of French Guiana Szlachetko, Veyret, etal 2012 drawing/photos fide; Orchids of the Darien Gap Kolanowska 2014 drawing fide; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 drawing good;

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