Epidendrum fujimorianum D.E.Benn. & Christenson 1998 GROUP Arbuscula SUBGROUP Incomptum
Photo by © Erica Morón
Drawing © by Jimenez and The Herbario AMO Publications Website
Common Name or Meaning Fujimori's Epidendrum [Former President of Peru late 1900's]
Flower Size .6" [1.5 cm]
Found in Peru at elevations around 2400 meters as a small sized, cold growing epiphyte on the Amazon slope of the Andes in wet montane cloud forests with simple, cane-like, terete, thin, arising from the middle of the previous stem and carrying 3 to 4, towards the apex of the stem, oblong-elliptic, acute, entire margin leaves that blooms in the fall and winter on a terminal, racemose, occuring only once, somewhat laxly, simultaneously few to several flowered inflorescence with floral bracts that cover only half of the ovary and carry non-fragrant flowers.
"Epidendrum fujimorianum belongs to the GROUP Arbuscula SUBGROUP Incomptum , which is recognized by the stems produced from the middle of the previous stem, with few leaves aggregated near the apex the racemose inflorescence and the fleshy green to black flowers. The species is recognized by the small, greenish to blackish flowers which turn reddish brown, the disc of the lip purple and the column green with the apex purple, the uninflated ovary, 3- lobed lip, 5-veined sepals, 3-veined petals, and bicallose lip. It closely resembles E. amayense Hágsater from northern Colombia, which has an ecallose lip, single veined, narrow petals and greenish yellow flowers. Epidendrum liguliferum C.Schweinf. from the same general area has larger flowers, the sepals .64 to .68" [16 to 17 mm] long, and very prominent, long, thin, divergent calli on the lip, and normally simple, cane-like stems more than 24" [60 cm] long.
CAUTION The Original illustration published by Christenson with the original description does not correspond to this species, as can be noted by the reniform, entire lip, ciliate margin to the petals, the long ovary, and in particular the successive flowers produced from a pluriracemose inflorescence, where new racemes are produced with time from the same stem. This last feature is typical of the GROUP Nocturnum and has also been noted in some species of the GROUP Difforme, but not in the GROUP Arbuscula , where some species like Epidendrum jamaicense Lindl. or Epidendrum morganii Dodson can produce successive flowers, but always from the same raceme, There is another, unpublished illllstration of Bennett 3665 prepared by M. Alcántara on 6 October 1995 as Plate 1201 (xerox at AMO!) which does correspond with this to entity. We wish to thank José Portilla and his family and team at Ecuagenera for permitting us to go through his nursery and study the numerous species under cultlvation there." Hagsater etal 2006
References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;
*Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 459 Bennett & Christenson 1998 wrong drawing, correct text see next reference and note above;
Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 834 Hagsater & Sanchez 2006 drawing fide
Icones Orchidacearum Vol 8 Plate 850 Hagsater & Sanchez 2006 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 955 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; LANKESTERIANA 14(1) 2014; Icones Orchidacearum 16 Plate 1600 Hagsater & Santiago 2018 See recognition section;