Epidendrum imantophyllum Lindl. 1831 GROUP Secundum SUBGROUP Calanthum Photo courtesy of Jay Pfahl


Common Name The Strap Shaped Leaf Epidendrum

Flower Size 1.6" [4 cm]

Found in Mexico, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana, Trinidad & Tobago, Brazil, Paraguay and Peru at elevations of 100 to 600 meters as a giant sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte or terrestrial with a slender, flattened, somewhat weak stems enveloped by pergamenous sheaths and carrying ligulate to ligulate-lanceolate, acute to obtuse, coriaceous, conduplicate below into the base leaves that blooms in the spring on a simple to occasionally branched, more or less compact, racemose, to 8" [20 cm] long, successively, densely many flowered inflorescence.

They grow in very hot, dry sandy roadside banks in full sun. This species is often found in conjunction with ants and may benefit from their presence.

Very common to find spelled E imatophyllum but it is E imantophyllum.

Said by Kew to be a synonym of E flexuosum but I have left them separate for now.

Synonyms Epidendrum imatophyllum Lindl. 1831 mispell; Epidendrum imetrophyllum Paxton 1837;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as E imatophyllum; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as E imatophyllum; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 as E imatophyllumdrawing good; Orquideologia Vol 12 3/4 1977/8 photo; Orquideologia Vol 14 No 1 1979; Orchids of Venezuela ; An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing not = E flexuosum; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 082 Dodson 1980 as E imatophyllum drawing fide; Icones Plantarum Tropicarum Plate 719 Hamer 1982 as E imatophyllum drwaing fide; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 9 1987 Photo; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as E imatophyllum drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 063 Dodson & Bennett 1989 as E imatophyllum drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 193 Hagsater, Sanchez 1993 see recognition section; Icones Plantarum Tropicarum Plate 1525 Mora & Atwood 1993 as E imatophyllum drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 8 2004; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 drawing/photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo hmm