Epidendrum luceroae J.S.Moreno, Hágsater, E.Santiago & García-Revelo 2018 GROUP Polythallum

TYPE Drawing TYPE Photo/TYPE Drawing by © R Jimenez and The AMO Herbaria Website


Common Name Lucero's Epidendrum [location of the orchid]

Flower Size .64" [1.6 cm]

Found in Valle de Cauca department of Colombia in lower montane forest at elevations around 2200 meters as a giant sized, cold growing epiphyte with s cane-like, terete, branching, the branches produced from the apical internodes of the previous stem; primary stem 72 to 76" x .16 to .28" [180 to 190 x 0.4 to 0.7 cm], scandent, producing alternate branches sub-apically; secondary branches 3.04 to 10.4" x .12" [7.6 to 26 x 0.3 cm], these producing tertiary branches 2.2 to 5.4" x .16" [5.5-13.4 x 0.4 cm], and successively shorter branches, from which the flowers are produced; base of all branches covered by tubular, non-foliar, scarious sheaths and carrying 3 to 5 persistent at time of flowering, main stem not seen, distributed towards the apex of the stems, sub-coriaceous, dark green above, underside pale green, concolor, sub-spreading, slightly arched, with tubular, striated basal sheaths; blade oblong-lanceolate, sub-acute, margin sub-entire, minutely ciliate towards the apex, spreading leaves that blooms in the late summer and early fall on an apical, racemose, pendent, peduncle .4 to .52" [1.0 to 1.3 cm] long, terete, 1.8 to 2" [4.5 to 5.0 cm] long overall, laxly, simultaneously 2 to 4 flowered inflorescence with much shorter than the ovary, triangular-lanceolate, acute, embracing floral bracts and carrying resupinate, greenish yellow flowers without fragrance.

"Epidendrum luceroae belongs to the GROUP Polythallum, recognized by the monopodial, much branched stems, with a tall primary stem, numerous secondary and tertiary stems and the numerous shorter flowers stems, the nodding inflorescence bears only 3 to 4 pale yellow flowers, lip 3-lobed, bicallose, with 5 parallel ribs on the disc, which merge into a much-thickened mid-rib. The species is recognized by the plants to 88 to 96" [220 to 240 cm] tall, with sub-apical branching, leaves 1.4 to 2.68" x .28 to .52" [3.5 to 6.7 x 0.7 to 1.3 cm], oblong-elliptic, sub-spreading and somewhat arched, laxly few-flowered, producing 2 to 4 greenish yellow, concolor flowers, rachis straight; lip base cordate, lateral lobes dolabriform, petals with apical margin denticulate. It is vegetatively similar to Epidendrum polythallum, but that species has pale yellow flowers with the lip wine-red, base of the lip cuneate and lateral lobes obliquely triangular, margin of petals entire. Epidendrum amplexirisaraldense Hágsater & E.Santiago produces a new stem from an apical internode of the previous stem, leaves 1.5 TO 4.68" X .6 TO 1.28" [4 to 11.7 x 1.5 to 3.2 cm], elliptic, the inflorescence with the rachis flexuous and up to 30 green flowers, base of lip cuneate and the lateral lobes obliquely oblong." Hagsater etal 2018


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidacearum 16[1] Plate 1637 Hagsater 2018 drawing fide;