Epidendrum magnibracteatum Ames 1922 GROUP Spathiger SUBGROUP Coriifolium

Photo/TYPE Collection Sheet

The Epidendra Website

Drawing of E palmense

Drawing of E palmense by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

NOCTURNALFragrant Part shade Cool LATESpring LATESummer

Common Name The Large Bracted Epidendrum

Flower Size 2.4" [ 6 cm]

Found in Costa Rica and Panama in wet forests and rarely on roadbanks at elevations of 1250 to 2400 meters as a small to medium sized, cool to cold growing epiphyte or terrestrial with simple, cane-like, erect, laterally compressed, straight stems and carrying 2 to 4, all along the apical half of the stem, distichous, subcoriaceous, narrowly oblong to elliptic, deeply bilobed, margin entire, articulate below into the base leaves that blooms in the late winter through late summer on a terminal, simple, racemose, occuring only once, distichous, erect, zig-zag, laterally compressed, ancipitose, 1.4" to 2.4" [3.5 to 6 cm] long, few to several flowered inflorescence arising on a mature growth, with 3 to 9, imbricating, conduplicate, carinate, longly acuminate, minutely denticulate bracts and with longer than the ovary, ovate, longly acuminate, conduplicate, imbricating floral bracts and carrying 4 to 10, simultaneously opening, non-resupinate, secund, nocturnally, weakly fragrant flowers.

"Epidendrum palmense belongs to the GROUP Spathiger SUBGROUP Coriifolium which is characterized by the sympodial habit, distichous inflorescence with large, conduplicate bracts, fleshy flowers with narrow petals and a reniform lip. The species is recognized by the prominent, acuminate floral bracts, .8 to 2 " [2 to 5 cm] long, the oblong leaves .8 to 1.6" [2 to 4 cm] wide, the cordate, reniform lip, and the linear 1 to 3 veined petals adnate to the lateral sepals. It is similar to E. palmidium Hágsater, which has narrower leaves, less than .68" [1.7 cm] wide. Epidendrum coriifolium Lindl. has semiterete, fleshy, succulent leaves. Epidendrum alvarezdeltoroi Hágsater has shorter plants, stems with 1 to 2 leaves, and shorter, rounded bracts, and is restricted to the Mexican-Guatemalan border areas. Epidendrum belloi Hágsater has 5 to 7 leaved plants, elongate, narrow floral bracts longer than the perianth, smaller flowers and wider petals .12 to .2" [3 to 5 mm], the lip cordiform, apiculate. Epidendrum beharorum Hágsater has 2 narrow leaves .48 TO 1" [1.2 TO 2.5 cm], successive flowers and is endemic to Chiapas state of Mexico and Guatemala. Epidendrum amazonicoriifolium Hágsater ,generally has longer, wider leaves 6 to 11.2" x .68 to 1.4" [15-28 x 1.7 to 3.5 cm], successive flowers, one or two open at one time, and is endemic to the Amazon basin above 500 meters altitude. Epidendrum villotae Hágsater ranges from the Atlantic lowlands in Costa Rica and Panama and the Pacific lowlands of Colombia and Ecuador, has .48 to 1.04" [1.2 to 2.6 cm] wide leaves, successive flowers, open one or two at a time, and oblanceolate petals." Hagsater etal 2008 as E palmense plate 1154

Synonyms Epidendrum palmense Ames 1923

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 41. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as E palmense; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 122. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as E palmense; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 104 Hagsater & Sanchez 1993 see recognition section as E palmense; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 112 Hagsater & Sanchez 1993 see recognition section as E palmense; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 116 Hagsater & Sanchez 1993 see recognition section as E palmense; Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 793 Hagsater and Sanchez 2004 see recognition section; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 as E palmense photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 11 Plate 1154 Hagsater & Salazar 2008 as E palmense drawing ok; Icones Orchidacearum 14 Plate 1454 Hagsater & Sanchez 2013 see recognition section; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 3 Morales 2009 as E palmensephoto fide;

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------