Epidendrum milpoense Hágsater & E.Santiago 2019 GROUP Saxicola

TYPE Drawing

Photo by R. Vásquez /TYPE Drawing R. Jiménez M. and The AMO Herbario Website


Common Name The Milpo Epidendrum [A Sector of Peru where the species occurs]

Flower Size 1.6" [4cm]

Found in Pasco province of Peru on the eastern slope of the Andes in the Province of Oxapampa, District of Huancabamba, sector Milpo and Santa Barbara, in very wet low forest, to 4.4" to 6 [11 to 15 cm] tall, at elevations of 2300 to 3000 meters as a miniature sized, cold growing ascending epiphyte, with stems forming fusiform pseudobulbs, each pseudobulb produced from the base of the previous pseudobulb; covered by 2 to 3, non-foliar, scarious and becoming fibrous with time sheaths and carrying a single, narrowly elliptic, apex rounded and slightly bilobed, articulate, coriaceous, ventral surface rugose, margin entire, spreading leaves that blooms in the summer on a terminal, erect, arising through a tubular, oblong, conduplicate, apex rounded spathe, peduncle 1.6 to 2" [4 to 5 cm] long, laterally compressed, thin, erect, straight; rachis very short, 3.8 to 4" [9.5 to 10 cm] long including the flowers, racemose, longer than the leaf, simultaneously 2 to 3 flowered flowered inflorescence with much shorter than the ovary, triangular-ovate, apex acute, embracing floral bracts and carrying non-resupinate (if the inflorescence is 2- flowered, then the flowers opposite, and only one is non-resupinate), green flowers with the fragrance not registered.

"Epidendrum milpoënse belongs to the GROUP Saxicola characterized by the pseudobulbous stems, caespitose or scandent habit, the prominent spathaceous bract apically rounded, few-flowered, erect inflorescence, flowers purple or yellow, and surface of the vegetative structures often rugose. The species is recognized by the green flowers, sepals .72 to .76" [18 to 19 mm] long, petals .64 to .7" x .2 to .28" [16 to 17.5 x 5 to 7 mm], rhombic-spathulate, the lip widely cordiform, base deeply cordate, disc fleshy with 3 low ribs which reach the apex, ovary slightly inflated. Epidendrum microcattleyioides D.E.Benn. & Christenson has yellow flowers with the margin white, sepals .48 to .52" [12 to 13 mm] long, lip reniform, widely emarginate, with a single mid-rib, ovary geniculate. Epidendrum saxicola Kraenzl. has purple flowers, the lip white tinged purple, sepals .6" [15 mm] long, petals .52 x .08 to .12" [13 x 2 to 3 mm], linear-oblanceolate, lip sub-orbiculate to obscurely pentagonal. Epidendrum herreranum C.Schweinf. has reddish brown flowers with the central surface of the floral segments yellow, lip 3-lobed, the lateral lobes obliquely rounded-dolabriform, petals .76 x .44" [19 x 11 mm], rhombic-spathulate." Hagsater etal 2019


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidacearum 17(1) Plate 1741 Hagsater & Jimenez 2019 Drawing/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 17(1) Plate 1767 Hagsater & Jimenez 2019 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 17(2) Plate 1774 Hagsater & Jimenez 2020 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 17(2) Plate 1778 Hagsater & Jimenez 2020 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 17(1) Plate 1785 Hagsater & Jimenez 2019 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 17(1) Plate 1792 Hagsater & Jimenez 2019 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 17(2) Plate 1796 Hagsater & Jimenez 2020 see recognition section;