Epidendrum nephroglossum Schltr. 1921 GROUP Arbuscula SUBGROUP Incomptum Photo by © Erica Moron de Abad

Part Shade Cold LATESummer

Common Name The Kidney Shaped Epidendrum [refers to the lip shape]

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Junin Peru at elevations around 2000 to 2700 meters as a medium sized, cold growing epiphyte with an erect, simple, terete, short, slightly arching stem enveloped by non-foliaceous, tubular sheaths and carrying 4 to 6, towards the apex, unequal in size [basal one smallest] coriaceous, dark green, narrowly elliptic, margin entire, acute leaves that blooms in the summer on a terminal, on a mature stem, occuring only once, racemose, arching-nutant, peduncle laterally compressed, straight unornamented, 2.4" [6 cm] long, simultaneously 6 to 16 inflorescence with prominent, basal ones as long as the ovary, triangular, acuminate, amplexicaul floral bracts.

"Schlechter indicates the lip as being bicallose, and two calli are shown on the illustration published by Mansfeld; however, upon close examination of our material, there are two fleshy, thickened, curved ridges in place of well-formed calli, a photographs of live flowers, shadows may are reminiscent of calli, depending on the angle of illumination.Schweinfurth (1945) first recognized this species as a separate entity and indicated that it was “rather widely distributed in Peru, having been recorded in the Departments of Apurimac, Huancavelica, Huánuco and Junín at altitudes ranging from 800 to 3100 m.” He later confused this species and lumped it into Epidendrum lechleri Rchb.f. in his Orchids of Guyana, (Schweinfurth, 1953). In Orchids of Peru (Schweinfurth, 1959) he cites a number of specimens again under E. nephroglossum; we believe they correspond to different species, all within the Arbuscula group, Incomptum subgroup. In his Supplement to the Orchids of Peru (Schweinfurth, 1970) he finally reduces the species to a synonym of E. lechleri again." Hagsater 2013


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 9: 89 Peru Schlechter 1921; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. Figuren-Atlas 57: 469 Schlechter 1929 drawing fide; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959; Icones Orchidacearum 14 Plate 1461 Hagsater & Sanchez 2013 drawing fide