Epidendrum niebliense Hágsater & E.Santiago 2018 GROUP Megagastrium

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Photo /TYPE Drawing © by R Jimenez and The AMO Herbario Website

Part shade Cold Spring AGAIN Fall

Common Name The Niebli Epidendrum [refers to te town of its locality of discovery in the Pululahua Geobotanical Reserve near Quito]

Flower Size .72" [1.8 cm]

Found in Ecuador on live fence at elevations around 2088 meters as mini-miniature sized, cold growing epiphyte with terete, thick, fleshy, the new stem arising from a lower internode of the previous stem and carrying 3 to 4, unequal, distributed throughout the apical half of the stem, green; sheath striated; blade articulate, fleshy, elliptic-ovate, apex bilobed leaves that blooms in the spring and again in the fall on a terminal, arising through a single, conduplicate, narrowly obovate, obtuse spathe, sessile, from mature stem, flowering only once, single flowered inflorescence with , much shorter than the ovary, narrowly triangular, acuminate, embracing floral bract and carrying a nonresupinate, green, concolor flower; fragrance, not registered. .

"Epidendrum niebliense belongs to the GROUP Megagastrium, characterized by the small plant, stems produced from the middle internodes of the previous stem, inflorescences with 1-2 spathes, erect with 1 to 2 non-resupinate flowers, lip ecallose, entire or clearly 3-lobed, the lip is nearly completely free from the column. The species has green non-resupinate flowers, a sub-orbicular-rhombic lip free from the column, flat, spreading, ecallose, petals 5-veined. Epidendrum cleistogastrium has yellow, cleistogamous flowers, narrow petals, 3-veined, and the shape of the lip, which is trilobed and cuneate, embracing the column and joined to the base of the column, with the lateral lobes semi-obovate. Epidendrum amplexigastrium Hágsater & Dodson is very similar but the flowers are copper-colored, and wide open, the sepals being 7-veined, and the lip excavate in the disc. Epidendrum marsupiale F. Lehm. & Kraenzl. has a similar lip in both shape and size but the lateral lobes are separated by deep sinuses and spreading in front of the column, the disc of the lip excavate. These last two species having an excavate lip and the column united to the lip belong to the GROUP Megagastrium SUBGROUP Geminiflorum." Hagsater etal 2018

Synonyms

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI *Icones Orchidacearum 16[2] Plate 1687 Hagsater & Sanchez 2018 LCDP/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 17(1) Plate 1742 Hagsater & Jimenez 2019 see recognition section

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------