!Epidendrum nocturnum Jacquin 1760 GROUP Nocturnum

Photos by © Lourens Grobler.

Another Flower Brazil

Plant in situ Boia Ceia Brazil Elevation 1 Meter - Note seed pods at apex

Different plant 10' away 3 times larger and erect stem

Photos by © Jay Pfahl.

Plant and Flower Photo by © Ruth Mikellsen.

Fragrance Part shadeHot to CoolSummer toFall

Common Name Night Scented Epidendrum

Flower Size 3 to 5" [7.5 to 13.5 cm]

Found in Florida, Bahamas, Puerto Rico, Windward Islands, Leewards Islands, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Cuba, Jamaica, Cayman Islands, Trinidad & Tobago, Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Fr Guiana, Surinam, Brazil, Peru and Bolivia in wet montane forests as a large sized, reedstem, hot to cool growing epiphyte at elevations of 100 to 1980 meters, but at higher elevations it is found on rocks in leaf detrius, with a leafy, compressed, erect stem enveloped basally by a few tubular, scarious, acuminate sheaths and carrying leathery, linear-oblong to oblong-ligulate, sessile, acute leaves held towards the apex of the stem that blooms in the summer through fall with a terminal, to 3/4" [2 cm] long, occassionally branched, 1 to few flowered raceme which can produce flowers for more than one season, giving rise to, fragrant [often nocturnally], large, showy, successively opening flowers occuring over months on newly mature and older pseudbulbs.

Synonyms Amphiglottis nocturna [Jacq.] Britt. 1924; Auliza nocturna [Jacq.]Small 1913; Epidendrum bahiense Rchb. f. 1859; Epidendrum carolinianum Lam. 1783; Epidendrum carpophorum Barb. Rodr. 1882; Epidendrum discolor A. Rich & Gal. 1845; Epidendrum latifolium (Lindl.) Garay & H.R.Sweet 1972; Epidendrum leucarachne Schltr. 1920; Epidendrum nocturnum var. angustifolium Stehlé 1939; Epidendrum nocturnum var. latifolium Lindl. 1837 ; Epidendrum nocturnum var. minor Schltr. 1924; Epidendrum nocturnum var. tridens (Poepp. & Endl.) Cogn. 1898; Epidendrum nocturnum var. tumuc-humaciense Veyret 1983; Epidendrum oliganthum Schltr. 1921; Epidendrum tridens Poepp. & Endl. 1837-8; Epidendrum tridens var. briegeri I.Bock 1982; Epidendrum tumuc-humaciense (Veyret) Carnevali & G.A.Romero 1996; Epidendrum tunguraguae Schltr. 1921; Nychosma nocturna [Jacq.]Raf. 1837; Nyctosma nocturna [Jacq.]Raf. 1837; Phaedrosanthus nocturnus [Jacq.]O.Ktze. 1904

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as E nocturnum var latifolium; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as E nocturnum var tridens; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 6: 71 Schlechter 1919; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 136 Schlechter 1920; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 248 Schlechter 1920 as E leucarchne; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 249 Schlechter 1920; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 36. Panama Schlechter 1922; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 10: 70 Bolivia Schlechter 1922; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 40. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 120. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 215. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 27: 68 Colombia Schlechter 1924; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 27: 69 Colombia Schlechter 1924 E nocturnum var minor; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 as E nocturnum var angustifolium drawing fide; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959 drawing fide; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959 E nocturnum var minus; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960 as Epidendrum nocturnum var. minus ; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961; AOS Bulletin Vol 31 No 3 1962; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1965; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 6 1969; Die Orchideen lieferung 1 Schlecter/Brieger 1970 photo good; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970; Die Orchideen #9 33-36 tafel 9 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo fide; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing fide; Orquideologia Vol 12 No 3/4 1977/8 photo; Orchids of Venezuela ; An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 090 Dodson 1980 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 097 Dodson 1980 as Epidendrum tungurahuae; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 723 Dodson 1982 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 428 Dodson 1982 see observation section; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 as Epidendrum latifolium drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 3 1985 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 3 1986 photo; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 photo fide; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 photo fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 2 COS 1991 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 051 Bennett & Christenson 1993 as E nocturnum var tumuc-hunaciense drawing ok; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 152 Hagsater & Dodson 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 178 Hagsater & Dodson 1993 see recognition section; An Orchid Flora Of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995 drawing fide; ; AOS Bulletin Vol 65 No 3 1996 photo; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 305 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 319 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 355 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 376 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 379 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000; AOS Bulletin Vol 71 No 4 2002 photo; Icones Orchidacearum 5 & 6 Plate 578 Hagsater, Soto 2002 drawing fide; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 752 Hagsater, Sanchez 2004 see recognition section; Orchids of Bolivia Vol 2 Laelinae Vasquez and Ibisch 2004; Orchids of The Brazilian Central Plateau Menezes 2004 photo fide; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo fide; Orchids of Mexico Hagsater, Soto, Salazar, Jimenez, Lopez and Dressler 2005 photo fide; The Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Larramendi 2005; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 no 1 2008 photo; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 3 Morales 2009 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1313 Hagsater 2010 see recognition section; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; Orchidees Du Bresil As Orchideas da Serra Do Castello Vol 3 Chiron & Bolsanello 2013 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of the Department of Valle De Cauca Colombia Vol 2 Kolanowska, Hagsater etal. 2014 photo drawing/photo fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014; Orchids of Tropical America Meisel 2014 photo fide;

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