Epidendrum pachyceras Hágsater & L.Sánchez 1993 GROUP Difforme Photo by © Adam Karremans

Common Name or Meaning The Broad Horned Epidendrum

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Costa Rica and Panama in cloud forests at elevations of 1320 to 2500 meters as a miniature to just medium sized, cool to coldgrowing epiphyte with reed-like, strongly laterally compressed, flexuous stems carrying 2 to 7, elliptic, apically bilobed, coriaceous, basally clasping leaves that blooms on a terminal, sessile, occuring only once inflorescence carrying 1 to 3, simultaneously opening, resupinate, green, nocturnally fragrant flowers.

This is a member of the E difforme group but differs in the strongly laterally compressed stems, the entire, reniform, retuse lip, the divergent calli, the thick, prominent, acute column with 2 lateral-apical, obtuse petaloid processes and a very prominent, dentate-fimbriate clinandrum.

The flattened stems the 1 to 3 flowered inflorescence carrying fragrant flowers, the reniform lip with 2 calli projecting like rigid horms and a column with apical prominences


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 170 Hagsater & Salazar 1993 drawing fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003;