Epidendrum paniculovenezolanum Hágsater & E.Santiago 2010 GROUP Pseudepidendrum SUBGROUP Paniculatum

Photo by © Alexander Moran Mendez


Photo by © Carlos J. Jerez

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez and The AMO Herbaria Website

Common Name The Venezuelan E paniculatum Epidendrum

Flower Size 1” [2.5 cm]

Found in western Venezuela at elevations of 1400 to 2500 meters as a giant sized, cool to cold growing epiphye with simple, cane-like, terete, erect, straight stems carrying 19, all along the upper 3/4’s of the stem, . alternate, articulate, sub coriaceous, green above, dark purple beneath, elliptic to narrowly elliptic, acute, margin entire leaves that blooms in the spring and summer on a terminal, without a spathe, occuring only once, peduncle terete, thin, purplish green, generally with 4 tubular, acute bracts, basally imbricating, paniculate, 6 to 7, short branches, each laxly few flowered, simultaneously 65 to 80 flowered inflorescence with much shorter than the ovary,narrowly triangular, acuminate, amplexicaul floral bracts and carrying resupinate flowers with the sepals internally ochre-green, the external surface strongly tinged purple brown, petals green, the column basally green becoming whitish towards the apex, the lip is white and its apical lobes are tinged with green.

"Epidendrum paniculovenezolanum belongs to the GROUP Pseudepidendrum is characterized by caespitose plants, cane-like stems, acute to acuminate leaves, apical inflorescence, lacking a spathaceous bract, the petals filiform and the lip usually 3-lobed, with 3 parallel fleshy keels, the apical lobe often bifurcate, and the pollinia “bird-wing” type and the SUBGROUP Paniculatum which has green and white flowers, often parked with purple on the disc of the lip and apex of the column. The species is recognized by the large flowers, sepals .52 to .72" [13 to 18 mm] long, internally ochre-green, the external surface strongly tinged purple-brown; lip wider across the midlobe than across the lateral lobes. Epidendrum macroceras Schltr., apparently endemic to the south side of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, has smaller flowers, sepals .36" [9 mm] long, greenish yellow flowers with the lip white.Epidendrum lilacinoides Hágsater & E.Santiago as an aromatic, purple colored, somewhat smaller flowered, sepals .44 to .52" [11 to 14 mm]. Epidendrum floribundum Kunth from the Amazonian lowlands of Peru has smaller, green, flowers, sepals .42" [10.5 mm] long with a white lip. Epidendrum angaritae Hágsater has smaller plants, to 22" [55 cm] tall, olive-green flowers, the sepals externally brown, .6 to .68" [15 to 17 mm] long." Hagsater etal 2010


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1347 Hagsater & Dodson 2010 See Recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1352 Hagsater & Dodson 2010 See Recognition section; * Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1366 Hagsater 2010 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 14 Plate 1428 Hagsater & Santiago 2013 See recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 14 Plate 1464 Hagsater & Sanchez 2013 see recognition section;