Epidendrum paranthicum Rchb.f. 1852 GROUP Epidanthus

Another Inflorescence

Drawing Photo by Karl Senghas and Drawing by © Fritz Hamer and The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Website

Plant in situ Nicaragua Photo by © and The Nicaraguan Orchidaceae Website

Part shade Warm Cool LATERSpringEARLYSummer

Common Name The Closely Alternating Epidendrum [probably refers to the flowers]

Flower Size .2" [5mm]

Found in Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama at elevations of 900 to 1560 meters as a mini-miniature sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte or lithophyte with simple, produced from the basal nodes of the previous stem, terete, very thin, erect stems carrying 5 to 8, distributed along the stem, alternate, more or less fleshy, erect-spreading, acicular to linear, acute, entire marginally, articulate below into the base leaves that blooms in the later spring and early summer on a terminal, racemose, occuring only once, distichous, erect, laterally compressed, secund, rachis somewhat zigzag, lax, successively 4 to 12 flowered inflorescence with a bract at the middle, similar to the longer than the ovary, amplexicaul, widely triangular, basally tubular, acute apically floral bract and carrying fleshy flowers.

Epidendrum sancti-ramoni Kraenzl. 1929 is often included as a synonym of this species but for now I have left them separate even though they do appear to be quite similar

Synonyms Epidanthus paranthicus (Rchb.f.) L.O.Williams 1940

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 41. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 122. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as Epidanthus parnathus; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977 as Epidanthus paranthicum; Icones Plantarum Tropicarum Plate 700 Hamer 1982 as Epidanthus paranthicus drawing fide; ORQUIDEA (Méx.) 9(1) 1983 as Epidanthus paranthicum drawing/photo fide; ORQUIDEA (Méx.) 9(2): 1984 photo fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as Epidanthus paranthicus drawing fide; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1992 photo fide; Manual of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb, & Launert 1992 as Epidanthus paranthicus drawing fide; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1995; Icones Orchidacearum Part 13 Plate 1367 Hagsater 2010 drawing ok; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 drawing fide;