Epidendrum phragmitoides Hágsater 2010 GROUP Pleuranthium SUBGROUP Phragmites

TYPE Drawing

Photo and TYPE Drawing by © Hagsater and The AMO Herbaria Website


Common Name The Phragmites-Like Epidendrum

Flower Size 1” [2.5 cm]

Found in southern Colombia on the western slopes of the Cordillera Occidental at elevations around 800 meters as a small sized, warm growing epiphyte with cane-like, simple, terete, straight stems enveloped by non-foliar tubular sheaths and carrying numerous, all along the stem, articulate, suberect-spreading, unequal in size, the basal and apical leaves are smaller than the median, ovate-elliptic to lanceolate, obtuse, bilobed, coriaceous leaves that blooms in the later summer on a lateral, arising from the base of the internodes through the foliar sheaths, subsessile, peduncle very short, totally hidden within the 2 to 3 short, imbricating bracts, single flowered inflorescence with shorter than the ovary, tubular floral bracts and carrying a green flower.

"Epidendrum phragmitoides belongs to the GROUP Pleuranthium , characterized by the caespitose habit, cane-like and elongate stems, several short, lateral inflorescences, and the SUBGROUP Phragmites which has non-branching stems, sub-sessile, 1 or 2 flowered inflorescences, the flowers green or yellowish green, the ovary somewhat inflated and nearly hidden by 2 to 4 tubular, imbricating bract. The species is recognized by the short, ovate-elliptic to lanceolate leaves .8 to 2" x .4 to .8" [2 to 5 x 1 to 2 cm] the single flowered inflorescence, the flower green, the sepals oblong-lanceolate to .4" [10 mm] long, the lip sub-entire, with a pair of small, widely triangular lateral lobes that embrace the column in natural position; the clinandrium-hood prominent, nearly twice as long as the body of the column. Epidendrum phragmites Heller & L.O.Williams has larger leaves, 1.6 to 3.2" x .6 to 1.6" [4 to 8 x 1.5 to 4 cm], the inflorescence has 2 greenish yellow to pale green flowers, sepals .48 to .54" [12 to 13.7 mm] long, the lip generally entire, .32 to .44" [8 to 11 mm] long, with the prominent clinandrium-hood as long as the body of the column. Epidendrum lilijae Foldats has linear-lanceolate, acute leaves, lateral sepals connate at the base, .32" [8 mm] long, and a short clinandrium-hood, which does not surpass the body of the column. Epidendrum leonii D.E. Benn. & Christenson has lanceolate leaves 3.2 to 3.6" x .64 to ,72" [8.5 to 9 x 1.6 to 1.8 cm], a short clinandrium-hood, which does not surpass the body of the column, a 2 flowered inflorescence, sepals, lanceolate, acute, and the lip clearly 3-lobed, with a prominent clinandrium-hood, and the apical margin dentate." Hagsater etal 2010


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1371 Hagsater 2010 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 14 Plate 1422 Hagsater & Santiago 2013 See recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 15 [1] Plate 1534 Hagsater & Sanchez 2015 see recognition section; Orchids of the Department of Valle De Cauca Colombia Vol 2 Kolanowska, Hagsater etal. 2014 drawing/photo fide