Epidendrum pilcuense Hágsater 1993 GROUP Elleanthoides SUBGROUP Pilcuense Type for the subgroup

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez and The AMO Herbaria Website

Common Name The Paramo de Pilcuen Epidendrum [a locality cited by Lehman]

Flower Size .5” [1.25 cm]

Found in Cauca department of Colombia at elevations around 1250 meters as a giant sized, cool growing, assumed terrestrial with simple, erect, straight, terete, cane-like stems carrying all along the stem, narrowly lanceolate, acute, slightly oblique, margins scarsely dentate leaves that blooms in the summer on a terminal, arising on a mature stem, erect, paniculate, without a spathe, with a basal ovate, acuminate bract, rachis flexuous, branches well spaced, the branches branching, simultaneously several flowered inflorescence with ovate, narrowly acute, basally amplexicaul floral bracts and carrying flowers with the sepals and petals yellowish white with purple spots and an ocher yellow lip.

"Epidendrum pilcuense is part of the GROUP Elleanthoides SUBGROUP Pilcuense characterized by the thin, monopodial stems, branching above when mature, sheaths rugose, inflorescence apical, erect, paniculate, lax-flowered, lacking any spathe, small flowers, and a sub-entire to deeply 3-lobed, fleshy lip embracing the apex of the column, 1-callose, the disc of the lip and floor of the nectary opposite the stigmatic cavity pilose. The species is recognized by the erect, caespitose stems, lanceolate, oblique leaves with margins sparsely denticulate, terminal, erect, much branching inflorescence, simultaneous flowers with the lip 3-lobed above the middle, with a single basal callus, subquadrate, pilose lateral lobes embracing the apex of the column, small, triangular, acute midlobe, and profusely pilose nectary. The flowers resemble those of E. guacamayense Hágsater & Dodson, which differs in the much branched stems, much narrower, grasslike leaves, successive flowers and reniform, glabrous lip." Hagsater etal 1993


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 137 Hagsater & Sanchez 1993 see recognition section; * Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 173 Hagsater 1993 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 439 Hagsater 2001 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 15 [1] Plate 1512 Hagsater & Sanchez 2015 see recognition section; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 drawing fide;