Epipactis meridionalis H.Baumann & R.Lorenz 1988 Photo by Perillimatteo and their Flickr Orchid Photo Website

part shade to Cold Summer

Common Name The Southern Epipactis

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in central and southern Italy and Sicily in old growth beechwoods, mixed oak woodlands and chestnut woods at elevations of 500 to 1600 meters as a small to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial with spindly, flexuous stems carrying 4 to 8 cauline, rather short, often in 2 opposite rows, 3 to 5 median, spreading, green sometimes washed with violet, oval-lanceolate, 1 to 2 upper bract-like leaves that blooms in the summer on a terminal, erect, often near one sided, to 4.8" [12 cm] long, 5 to 17 flowered inflorescence.

Distinct from E helleborine by the more spindly appearance and shorter leaves and from E schubertiorum by the much shorter leaves.


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle east Delforge 2005 photo fide