Epipactis palustris (Linne) Crantz 1769 Photo by © Pieter C. Brouwer and his Photo Website

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Common Name The Swamp Epipactis - The Marsh Helleborine - In China Xin Jiang Huo Shao Lan

Flower Size 2/3" [1.5 cm]

This small to medium sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial orchid is found in Ireland, Great Britain, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Portugal, Spain, France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Czechloslavakia, Austria, Switzerland, Poland, Albania, Yugoslavia, Greece, Turkey, Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine Western Russia, Central Russia, Siberia, Kazakastan, Kirgistan, Turkemenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Mongolia and China from sealevel to 1600 meters around moors, dune slacks and marshes in alkaline soils with a long creeping rhizome carrying pubescent, purplish stems with sheathing leaves and 4 to 8 oblong to oblong-lanceolate, subacute to acuminate leaves and it blooms in the late spring and summer on a secund, laxly few to many [5 to 20] flowered inflorescence that has lanceolate bracts that are as long as or a bit shorter than the nodding flowers. Tjis species is often found in conjunction with ants and may benefit from their presence.

Synonyms Amesia palustris (L.) A.Nelson & J.F.Macbr 1913; Arthrochilium palustre Beck 1890; Calliphyllon palustre (L.) Bubani 1901 ; Cephalanthera palustris Rich. ex Pritz. 1866; Cymbidium palustre Sw. 1799; Epipactis palustris f. albiflora Aver. 1988; Epipactis palustris f. ampla Höppner 1924 publ. 1925; Epipactis palustris f. elongata Höppner 1924 publ. 1925; Epipactis palustris f. ericetorum (Asch. & Graebn.) Soó 1969; Epipactis palustris f. gracilis Höppner 1924 publ. 1925; Epipactis palustris f. longibracteata Höppner 1924 publ. 1925; Epipactis palustris f. macrostachya Höppner 1924 publ. 1925; Epipactis palustris f. ochroleuca Barla 1868; Epipactis palustris f. pumila Zapal. 1906; Epipactis palustris f. rectilinguis Höppner 1924 publ. 1925; Epipactis palustris f. robusta (Zapal.) Höppner 1924 publ. 1925; Epipactis palustris f. silvatica (Asch. & Graebn.) Höppner 1924 publ. 1925; Epipactis palustris f. submersa Glück 1911; Epipactis palustris lusus albiflora Höppner 1924 publ. 1925; Epipactis palustris lusus ochroleuca (Barla) Höppner 1924 publ. 1925; Epipactis palustris lusus tricolor Höppner 1924 publ. 1925; Epipactis palustris lusus violacea Höppner 1924 publ. 1925; Epipactis palustris subsp. salina (Schur) K.Richt. 1890; Epipactis palustris var. albiflora E.G.Camus 1929; Epipactis palustris var. elatior Pantu 1915; Epipactis palustris var. ericetorum Asch. & Graebn. 1907; Epipactis palustris var. ochroleuca Barla 1868; Epipactis palustris var. parvifolia Schur 1866; Epipactis palustris var. robusta Zapal. 1906; Epipactis palustris var. silvatica Asch. & Graebn. 1907; Epipactis salina Schur 1866 ; Helleborine latifolia Moench 1842; Helleborine longifolia (L.) Moench 1794; Helleborine palustris (L.) Hill 1756; Helleborine palustris (Linne) Crantz 1814; Limodorum palustre (L.) Kuntze 1891; *Serapias helleborine var. palustris L. 1753; Serapias longiflora Asso 1779; Serapias longifolia L. 1763; Serapias palustris Mill. 1758

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 5 1985 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 8 2004; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle east Delforge 2005

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