Epipactis phyllanthes G.E. Sm. 1852 Photo courtesy of Pascal Pernot and the Orchids of France and Europe

to LATE THROUGH

Common Name The Leaf-Like Flower Epipactis

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in Spain, Andorra, France, Ireland, England, Germany and Denmark on dry to moist calcareous, alkaline substrates in dunes, scrub, beech, oak and conifer forests at elevations up to 200 meters as a small to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial with sturdy slightly puberulous apically stems carrying, 3 to 7, cauline, spreading-erect, irregular serrate marginally leaves, median, nearly quadrangular, oval, mucronate, undulate marginally leaves and the upper, bract like leaves that blooms in the late spring and summer on a terminal, erect, to 6" [15 cm] long, laxly many [5 to 35] flowered inflorescence.

Synonyms Epipactis cambrensis C.A.Thomas 1950; Epipactis confusa D.P.Young 1953; Epipactis helleborine subsp. confusa (D.P.Young) H.Sund. 1980; Epipactis helleborine subsp. phyllanthes (G.E.Sm.) H.Sund. 1980; Epipactis pendula C.A.Thomas 1942; Epipactis phyllanthes G.E. Sm. 1852; Epipactis phyllanthes subsp. confusa (D.P.Young) Løjtnant 1996; Epipactis phyllanthes subsp. pendula (D.P.Young) Kreutz 2007; Epipactis phyllanthes var. cambrensis (C.A.Thomas) P.D.Sell 1996; Epipactis phyllanthes var. degenera D.P.Young 1952; Epipactis phyllanthes var. olarionensis P.Delforge 1997; Epipactis phyllanthes var. pendula D.P.Young 1952; Epipactis phyllanthes var. vectensis (T.Stephenson & T.A.Stephenson) D.P.Young 1952; Epipactis vectensis (T.Stephenson & T.A.Stephenson) Brooke & F.Rose 1940 ;Helleborine viridiflora f. vectensis T.Stephenson & T.A.Stephenson 1918

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 5 1985 photo as E confusa; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 5 1985 photo; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle east Delforge 2005

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