Epipactis royleana Lindl. 1840 Photo by Crustacare Bvba and the Crustacare Website

Part sun Cold to Cool LATERSummer

Common Name Royle's Epipactis - In China Luan Ye Huo Shao Lan

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in Kirgystan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, the western Himlayas, the Chinese Himalayas, Nepal and the eastern Himalayas in shady sites in grass at elevations of 2900 to 3000 meters as a medium to large sized, cold growing terrestrial with 6 to 9, plicate, ovate-lanceolate, acute to acumnate leaves that blooms in the later summer on a terminal, erect, provided with diminishing in size upwards, foliaceous sheaths, 6 to 7.2" [15 to 18 cm] long, successively several, many flowered inflorescence with longer than the flowers floral bracts.

Synonyms Amesia royleana (Lindl.) Hu 1925; Arthrochilium royleanum (Lindl.) Szlach.2003; Cephalanthera royleana (Lindl.) Regel 1879; Helleborine royleana (Lindl.) So 1927; Limodorum royleanum (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 Drawing fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;