Epidendrum pseudoglobiflorum Hágsater & Dodson 2004 GROUP Diothonea SUBGROUP Diothonea

Photo by © Alexander Hirtz

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by © R Jimenez M and The AMO Herbaria Website

Common Name The False E globiflorum Epidendrum

Flower Size .6” [1.5 cm]

Found in southern Ecuador around Loja on the eastern slope of the Andes at elevations of 2600 to 3300 meters as a small to medium sized, cold growing epiphyte with cane-like, terete, thin, sinuous, newly arising from an upper internode of the previous stem carrying about 8 on the initial stem, 3 to 6 on the upper stem, lanceolate-oblong, obtuse, bilobed, with a low dorsal keel, margin entire leaves that blooms in the fall theough winter on a terminal, racemose, peduncle short, bractless, subglobose, dense, simultaneously 7 to 20 flowered inflorescence with about half as long as the ovary, lanceolate, acute floral bracts and carrying resupinate, trumpet shaped, orange to vermillion red flowers.

"Epidendrum pseudoglobiflorum belongs to the GROUP Diothonea SUBGROUP Diothonea which is characterized by the branching habit, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, bilobed leaves, arching-nutant, racemose inflorescence, membranaceous or rarely fleshy flowers, the lip entire to 3-lobed, with an erose margin, ecallose, with or without 1 to 10 thin, smooth to erose keels, the column united to the lip from totally to obliquely to free. The species is recognized by the trumpet-shaped, orange to vermilion-red flowers, connate, pustulate sepals, entire, ovate-hexagonal lip, ecallose with 7 prominent, smooth keels, obovate, arching, 3-veined petals, and the short, thick column which is arched upwards at the middle with the wings on the side truncate and thickened. It has been confused with Epidendrum globiflorum which is found nearby, but has a deeply 3-lobed lip, greenish white flowers, partly spreading, .24 to .3" [6.0 to 7.5 mm] long sepals; the column ends in a pair of outstretched, rounded, falcate wings, and the clinandrium is much reduced. Epidendrum podocarpophyllum Schltr. has salmon red/yellow flowers, longer, narrower leaves 1.2 to 2" x .14 to .2" [30 to 50 x 3.5 to 5 mm], and somewhat shorter sepals .2" [5 mm] long, the inflorescence with 10 to 15 flowers and the lip 3-keeled, these short and basal, with the surface of the disc verrucose, the midlobe subquadrate, apically bilobed, lobes truncate." Hagsater etal 2004


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 709 Hagsater and Sanchez 2004 see recognition section; * Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 780 Hagsater & Dodson 2004 drawing fide; Orquideologia Vol 24 #1 2005 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 8 Plate 837 Hagsater & Sanchez 2006 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 979 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1108 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008; Icones Orchidacearum 11 Plate 1166 Hagsater 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 12 Plate 1277 Hagsater 2009 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 18(1) plate 1841 Hagsater, Santiago and Medina 2020 see recognition section