Epipactis thunbergii A.Gray 1856 Photo courtesy of Natsui

Plant and Flowers in situ Japan Photos by Hisanori Takeuchi and his Orchids of the World Website

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Common Name Thunberg's Epipactis [Swedish Botanist in Asia and Brazil [late 1700's to early 1800's] In Japan - Kaki-ran [Persimmon orchid] - (English Common Name) Helleborine - In China Jian Ye Huo Shao Lan

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found from south Russian Far East to Korea, China and Japan to Nansei-shoto in the Ryukyus in montane, mixed pine and broadleafed forests as a large sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial species with several alternate, lanceolate, basally clasping leaves that blooms in the late spring and early summer on an erect, 4 to 6" long, 1 to few flowered, racemose inflorescence

Synonyms Epipactis gigantea var. manshurica Maxim. ex Kom. 1901; Epipactis gigantea var. thunbergii (A.Gray) M.Hiroe 1971; Epipactis longifolia Blume 1859; Epipactis thunbergii f. flava Ohwi 1965; Epipactis thunbergii var. manshurica (Maxim. ex Kom.) T. Tang & F.T. Wang 1951; Limodorum thunbergii (A.Gray) Kuntze 1891

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide;

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