Epipactis veratrifolia Boissier & Hohenacker 1852 SECTION Cymbochilium Photo courtesy of Th.Pain and the Orchids of France and Europe

Part sun Cold LATEWinterandSpring

Common Name The Veratrium-Like Epipactis [Alpine Plant] - Eastern Marsh Helleborine - The Scarce Helleborine - In China Shu Hua Huo Shao Lan

Flower Size .8 to 1.2" [2 to 3 cm]

Found in Ethiopia, Somalia, Cyprus, Turkey, Israel, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, China, Assam, eastern Himalayas, India, Nepal, Western Himalayas, Bhutan, Pakistan and Myanamar in forests and in forest margins at elevations of 2700 to 3400 meters as a small to large sized, cold growing terrestrial with an erect, flexuous densely leafy stem carrying alternate, ovate-lanceolate, acute, papery, sessile leaves that are basally clasping that blooms on an arching, terminal, 8 to 14" [20 to 35 cm] long, minutely pubescent, densely many flowered inflorescence with nodding flowers arising in the late winter and spring.

Synonyms Amesia somaliensis (Rolfe) A.Nelson & J.F.Macbr. 1913; Arthrochilium handelii (Schltr.) Szlach. 2003; Arthrochilium veratrifolium (Boiss. & Hohen.) Szlach. 2003; Epipactis abyssinica Pax 1907; Epipactis amoena Buch.-Ham. ex Wall. 1832; Epipactis consimilis Wall. ex Hook.f. 1890; Epipactis handelii Schltr. 1920; Epipactis somaliensis Rolfe 1897; Epipactis wallichii Schltr. 1920; Helleborine consimilis (Wall.) Druce 1909; Helleborine somaliensis (Rolfe) Druce 1909; Limodorum veratrifolium Kuntze 1891; Serapias somaliensis (Rolfe) A.A.Eaton 1908

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Epipactis consimilis drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 31 No 8 1962 as Helleborine veratrifolia; Die Orchideen #5 17-20 tafel 6 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 5 1985 photo; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Field Guide to the Ethiopian Orchids Demissew, Cribb & Rasmussen 2004; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle east Delforge 2005; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide

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