Epipactis xanthophaea Schltr. 1922

Drawing by Cai Shuqin

Common Name The Yellow Black Brown Epipactis

Flower Size

Found in Hebei, Heilong-Jiang, Jilin, Lianoning and Shandong provinces of China in meadows and damp places in forests at elevations around 300 meters as a medium sized, cold goriwng terrestrial with a slender rhizome giving rise to a glabrous stem provided with 3 to 4 sheaths towards the base and carrying 5 to 7, ovate-lanceolate to elliptic-lanceolate, glabrous, acuminate to long acuminate, amplexicaul below into the base leaves that blooms in the summer on an erect, terminal, 2.8 to 4" [7 to 10 cm] long, glabrous, laxly 5 to 10 flowered inflorescence with foliaceous, ovate-lanceolate, long acuminate, lower ones longer than the flowers floral bracts and carrying rather lare, resupinate, yellow, yellowish brown and rarely pale red flowers.

Synonyms Amesia xanthophaea (Schltr.) Hu 1925; Arthrochilium xanthophaeum (Schltr.) Szlach. 2003; Helleborine xanthophaea (Schltr.) So 1929

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Illustrations Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide;