Epidendrum resectum Rchb.f. 1876 GROUP Pseudepidendrum SUBGROUP Turialvae


Photos by © The Wilson Botanical Garden Website

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by © Rchb.f and the Epidendra website


Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website


Common Name The Short Inflorescence Epidendrum

Flower Size .6" [1.5 cm]

Found in Costa Rica and Panama at elevations of 630 to 1200 meters as a small to medium sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte with simple, cane-like, terete, thin, arching to erect stems with the basal portion enveloped by 5 to 6 tubular, acute, nonfoliaceous sheaths and carrying 5 to 8, along the apical half of the stem, alternate, oblong-lanceolate to narrowly elliptic, acuminate to rarely acute, entire marginally, articulate below into the base leaves that blooms in the late spring through fall on a terminal, arcuate-nutant, short, laterally compressed, thin, somewhat ancipitose, racemose, occuring only once, densely many flowered inflorescence with 3 acuminate, decreasing in length, usually tubular basally, conduplicate, the upper bracts triangular-lanceolate, shorter bracts and the rachis enveloped almost completely by half as long as the ovary, triangular-lanceolate, acuminate floral bracts carrying 15 to 40, successively opening, resupinate, disagreeably fragrant flowers.

"Epidendrum resectum belongs to the GROUP Pseudepidendrum which is characterized by caespitose plants, cane-like stems, acute to acuminate leaves, usually apical inflorescence, the filiform petals and the lip usually 3-lobed with 3 parallel fleshy keels, the apical lobe often bifurcate, the "bird-wing" type pollinia, and SUBGROUP Turialvae which has a racemose and few-flowered inflorescence on an elongate peduncle, usually producing new racemes over the years and thus pluriracemose. The species is recognized by the short plants to 18.8" [47 cm] tall, the generally acuminate leaves, short, racemose, arching-nutant inflorescence, shorter than the apical leaf, with multiple flowers that open in succession, sepals and petals strongly reflexed, the lip convex; in pressed specimens the flowers are recognized by the the acute angle formed by the lip and the apex of the column. Other species in this group generally have a paniculate inflorescence which exceeds the apical leaf in length. The short, compact inflorescence and flowers are somewhat reminiscent of Epidendrum ionophyllum Ortiz, though that species produces new racemes in successive years, and the lip has the margin of the lateral lobes lacerate." Hagsater etal 2008


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 8 Plate 846 Hagsater & Sanchez 2006 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 11 Plate 1131 Hagsater 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 11 plate 1170 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 drawing fide;