Epipogium roseum (D. Don) Lindl. 1857

Photo by David Kuehn

Full shade Warm to Hot Springand EARLYSummer

Common Name The Rose Epipogium - In Australia The Ghost Orchid or The Leafless Nodding Orchid - In China Hu She Lan

Flower Size about 1" [about 2.5 cm]

Found in Ghana, Nigeria, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Gulf of Guinea Island, Zaire, Kenya, Uganda, Angola, Malawi, eastern Himalayas, Nepal, Bhutan, lower India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, western Himalayas, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Japan, Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, Malaysia, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas, the Philippines, Sumatra, Timor, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Queensland and New South Wales Australia, Fiji, New Caledonia and Vanuatu in broadleafed, evergreen, humid, primary forests at elevations of 100 to 2000 meters as a medium sized, warm growing, mycoheterotrophic, terrestrial species from as a small to large sized, hot to cool growing, erect, leafless, Mycoheterotrophic terrestrial orchid with an ovoid, horizontal tuber giving rise to an erect, 2' tall, hollow, fleshy stem that is basally brownish and becoming nearly white towards the apex and carrying a few distant bracts that blooms on an erect, to 2' 10" [80 cm] long, many flowered inflorescence arising in the spring and summer.

Synonyms Ceratopsis rosea Lindl. 1840; Epipogium africanus Schltr. 1911; Epipogium dentilabellum Ohtani & S.Suzuki 1961; Epipogium guilfoylei FvM. 1872; Epipogium indicum H.J.Chowdhery, G.D.Pal & G.S.Giri 1993; Epipogium kassnerianum Kraenzl. 1914; Epipogium kusukusense (Hayata) Schltr. 1919; Epipogon makinoanus Schltr. 1919; Epipogium nutans Rchb.f 1857; Epipogium nutans var celebicus Schltr. 1911; Epipogium pooneranthum Fukuy. 1942; Epipogium rolfei (Hayata) Schltr. 1911; Epipogium sessanum S.N.Hegde & A.N.Rao 1982; Epipogium sinicum C.L.Tso 1933; Epipogium tuberosum Duthie 1906; Galera kusukusensis Hayata 1914; Galera nutans Bl. 1825; Galera rolfei Hayata 1911; Galera rosea Blume 1856; Gastrodia schinziana Kraenzl. 1929; *Limodorum roseum D. Don 1825; Stereosandra schinziana (Kraenzl.) Garay 1954

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Epipogum nutans drawing fide; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Vol 1 Ames 1905 as E nutans; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Smith 1905 as Epipogum nutans; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 as E tuberosum; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 as E nutans drawing fide; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Fascile 2 Ames 1908; The Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1914/1985 as Epipogium nutans Rchb.f 1857; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1957; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 drawing good; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1964 corrections; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Orchids of East Africa Piers 1968; Orchids of Australia Nicxhols 1969 drawing fide; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing ok; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 6 321 - 384 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1975 as Stereosandra schinziana; Indian Orchids, Guide to Identification and Culture Pradhan 1976 drawing fide; Flore de la Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependences Vol 8 Orchidaceae Halle 1977 drawing fide; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 32 nr 2 Orchids of Thailand VI Neottiideae Seidenfaden 1978 drawing fide; The Complete Writings on Philippine Orchids Vol 1 Quisumbing 1981; A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon Vol 2 Dassanayake & Fosberg 1981 drawing fide; Flora of Tropical East Africa Orchidaceae Part 2 Cribb 1984 drawing fide; Flore D'Afrique Centrale [Zaire- Rwands - Burundi] Orhidaceae Premeir parte Geerink 1984 drawing fide; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; Orchids of Nilgiris Joseph 1987 drawing fide; Orchids of Vanuatu Lewis & Cribb 1989; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo fide; The Orchids of the Solomon Islands and Bougainville Lewis & Cribb 1991 drawing fide; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Wood & Seidenfaden 1992 drawing/photo fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Beaman, Wood, Beaman & Beaman 1993 photo fide; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994;Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Orchidaceae Part 1 Pope 1995 drawing fide; The Orchids of Kenya Stewart & Campbell 1996; Lindleyana Vol 15 No 4 2000; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 40 pg 2492 - 2564 Brieger 2000 as E sersanum sic; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 40 pg 2492 - 2564 Brieger 2000 as E indicum; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 photo fide; Orchids of Australia Riley & Banks 2002; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; Flora Malesiana Orchids of New Guinea Vol III Shuiteman and de Vogel 2006; Native Orchids of Australia Jones 2006 photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 as E africanus; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 as E sessanum; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 as E tuberosum; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 drawing/photo ok; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 2 O'Byrne 2011 photo fide; Turczaninowia 2011, 14(2) : 15100 Averyanov 2011 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 82 #12 2013 photo fide; Turczaninowia 16(4):26-46 NEW AND RARE ORCHIDS (ORCHIDACEAE) IN THE FLORA OF CAMBODIA AND LAOS Averyanov 2013 LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015; A Century of New Orchid Records in Bhutan Royal Government of Bhutan 2017 drawing/photo fide; Lankesteriana Vol 18 [1]: 2362 Jalal & Jayanth 2018 photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;