Epidendrum sarcoglottis Schltr. 1921 GROUP Mancum SUBGROUP Mancum

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez and The Herbario AMO Publications Website

Common Name The Fleshy Lip Epidendrum

Flower Size .6" [1.5 cm]

Found in west central Colombia and northwestern Ecuador at elevations around 2600 to 3000 meters as a small to medium sized, cold growing epiphyte with simple, cane-like, terete basally, ancipitous above stems carrying 3 to 4, all along the apical third of the stem, oblong-elliptic, unequally bilobed, coriaceou, margin entire leaves that blooms in the summer on a terminal, racemose, arising through an oblong, ancipitous, acute spathe, erect, peduncle 3.2" [8 cm] long, 6 to 8" [15 to 20 cm] long overall, simultaneously 10 to 28 flowered inflorescence with half as long to much shorter than the ovary, triangular, acuminate floral bracts and carrying non-resupinate flowers without color or fragrance data.

"Epidendrum sarcoglottis belongs to the GROUP Mancum which is characterized by the sympodial habit, few leaved stems, racemose inflorescence with 1 to 2 ancipitose, long, spathaceous bracts with parallel sides, and SUBGROUP Mancum which has non-resupinate, generally reduced and fleshy flowers. The species is recognized by its apically laterally compressed stems, 3 to 4, oblong-elliptic leaves, .32 to .36" [8 to 9 mm] long sepals, the petals with the margin undulate along the apical half, claw-shaped, entire lip, and the single, simple, flabellate callus. It is similar to Epidendrum adenoglossum Lindl. which grows in Peru, has linear-lanceolate leaves, short, .2" [5 mm long] sepals, petals with an entire margin, and a 3-callose lip, the lateral calli prominent, the mid callus shorter. Epidendrum mancum Lindl. is endemic to Ecuador, has shorter plants, 6 to 10" [15 to 25 cm] tall, short, wide leaves .8 to 2.4" x .52 to 1.08" [2 to 6 x 1.3 to 2.7 cm], small flowers, sepals .2 to .28" [5 to 7 mm] long, the lip reduced, 3-callose, the lateral calli prominent and elongate, the mid callus small and sub-globose. Epidendrum brachyglossum Lindl., also from Ecuador, has terete stems, narrow leaves .24 to .32" [.6 to .8 cm] wide, a 3-lobed, bicallose lip, the calli forming a fleshy, canaliculate cavity on the disc, the lateral lobes sub-orbicular, the midlobe transversely rectangular and entire." Hagsater etal 2009


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 8: 86 Ecuador Schlechter 1921; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. Figuren-Atlas 57: 363 Schlechter 1929 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 721 Hagsater and Sanchez 2004 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 783 Hagsater and Sanchez 2004 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 8 Plate 885 Hagsater & Sanchez 2006 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 11 Plate 1173 Hagsater 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 12 Plate 1241 Hagsater 2009 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 12 Plate 1286 Hagsater 2009 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 12 Plate 1288 Hágsater & Sanchez 2009 Drawing fide; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017; Icones Orchidacearum 16[1] Plate 1611 Hagsater & Santiago 2018 See recognition section;