Epidendrum simulacrum Ames 1923 GROUP Difforme Photo by © Eric Hagsater and The AMO Herbaria Website

DrawingDrawing by © Hamer and The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria WebSite

Collection sheetSpecimen by © Powell and The Epidendra WebSite


Common Name The Look Alike Epidendrum [refers to this species similarity to E firmum]

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in Panama in rainforests at elevations of 1500 to 2200 meters as a miniature to small sized, cool to cold growing epiphyte with simple, cane-like, terete, slightly flexuous stems and carrying 4 to 10, all along the stem, coriaceous, terete, elliptic, retuse apically leaves that blooms in the later spring and summer on a terminal, occuring only once, sessile, subcorymbose, 2 to 6 flowered inflorescence with much shorter than the ovary, widely ovate, acute floral bracts and carrying simultaneously opening, resupinate, green flowers.

The Drawing featured above is labeled Neolehmannia curvicolumna which is considered to be a synonym of E simulacron.

Synonyms Epidendrum curvicolumna Ames, F.T.Hubb. & C.Schweinf. 1935; Epidendrum difforme var. simulacrum (Ames) Ames, F.T.Hubb. & C.Schweinf. 1934; Neolehmannia curvicolumna (Ames, F.T.Hubb. & C.Schweinf.) Hamer 1985

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum curvicolumna; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as E difforme var simulacrum; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as E difforme var simulacrum; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956 as E difforme var simulacron; ORQUIDEA (Méx.) 9(1): 1983 drawing/photo fide; Icones Plantarum Tropicarum Plate 1237 Hamer 1985 as Neolehmannia curvicolumna drawing fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 888 Hagsater & Sanchez 2006 drawing ok; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 3 Morales 2009 photo fide;