Epidendrum triodon Hágsater & Dodson 2001 GROUP Elleanthoides SUBGROUP Guacamayense

TYPE Drawing by © Lopez and The AMO Herbaria Website

Common Name The Three Toothed Epidendrum [refers to the lip]

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in Colombia and Ecuador on both sides of the Andes in cloud forests at elevations of 2700 to 3250 meters as a small to large sized, cold growing epiphyte and terrestrial on raod embankments with erect, cane-like, new stems arise from near the base of the previous stem, basally terete, laterally compressed above stems carrying 4 to 6, equidistant, all along the apical half of the stem, elliptic, acute, amrgin entire leaves that blooms in the spring through fall on a terminal, through 1 to 2, narrow, acute, conduplicate spathes enveloping the 3.2 to 5.2" [8 to 13 cm] long, peduncle occasionally provided with 2 bracts similar to the spathes, occuring only once, racemose to paniculate, arcuate, 5.2 to 10.8" [13 to 27 cm] long overall, simultaneously 12 to 20 flowered inflorescence with longer to much longer than the ovary, linear-lanceolate, acuminate floral bracts and carrying resupinate, green to greenish yellow flowers tinted with a red brown flush and the lip is light brown.

"Epidendrum triodon belongs to the GROUP Elleanthoides SUBGROUP Guacamayense and is recognized by the branching stems, short, fleshy lanceolate leaves, paniculate inflorescence with successive distichous, olive-green flowers, the linear-lanceolate, acuminate petals and the three-dentate lip, puberulose inside and embracing the column without overlapping, with the three-pointed margins turned outwards. Epidendrum guacamayense Hágsater & Dodson has thin, longer, grassy leaves, WITH the lip ovate-reniform, rounded except for the apiculate apex, with the lateral lobes overlapping above the column.


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 494 Hagsater & Dodson 2001 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 743 Hagsater and Sanchez 2004 see recognition section;