Epidendrum caribiorum Ackerman & Acev.-Rodr. 2012 GROUP Difforme Photo by Mark Nir and Orchidaceae Antillannae.


Common Name The Carib Epidendrum [a canabalistic and agressive pre-colombian tribe of indians that struck fear in others much like the trepidation that happens to those that venture to identify species within the Difforme group]

Found in Cuba, Haiti, Dominican Republic and Jamaica in rain and cloud forests at elevations of 350 to 1200 meters as a caespitose, miniature to medium sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte with simple, cane-like, wide, laterally compressed, flexuous stems carrying 4 to 11, green, succulent, entire, lanceolate to broadly elliptic, retuse leaves that blooms mostly in the later spring and early fall on a terminal, on a mature stem, sessile, occuring only once, subcorymbose to subumbellate, simultaneously, densly 4 to 6 flowered inflorescence with shorter than the ovary, ovate, rounded floral bracts.

Similar to and often identified as E difforme but this one has ancipitose stems, coriaceous leaves and a subquadrate, revolute mid lobe of the labellum.

Synonyms Epidendrum umbellatum Sw. 1788; Neolehmannia difformis [Jacq.] Pabst 1978

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as E umbellatum; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977 as E umbellatum; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 133 Hagsater 1993 as E floridense see recognition section; Iconografia de Orquideas Cubanas Perez & Bocourt 1997 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 167 Hagsater 1993 see recognition section; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000 as E umbellatum; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 401 Hagsater 2001 as E abbottii see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 429 Hagsater 2001 as E crenulidifforme see recognition section; The Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Larramendi 2005 as E umbellatum; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1396 Hasater & Salazar 2010 as E umbellatum drawing 0k; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014