Epidendrum wolfii Hágsater & E.Santiago 2013 GROUP Kalopternix SUBGROUP Garayi

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez and The AMO Herbaria Website

Common Name Wolf’s Epidendrum [Dutch Botany Professor at University of Amsterdam - Collected the type specimen current]

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Risaralda department of Colombia on the Cordillera Central in Andean forests at elevations around 3370 meters as a small sized, cold growing epiphyte with simple, cane-like, terete, thin, pendent, chain-like, secund, branching, each branch arising from a sub-apical internode of the previous stem stems carrying 2, aggregate at the apex of the stems, sub-pendent, coriaceous, articulate, similar in size and shape, linear-lanceolate, acuminate, margin entire leaves that blooms in the winter on a terminal, without a spathe, sessile, occuring only once, successively single, 2 flowered inflorecence with much shorter than the ovary, linear-lanceolate, acuminate, amplexicaul floral bracts and carrying non-resupinate, opposite, pink flowers without fragrance data.

"Epidendrum wolfii belongs to the GROUP Kalopternix SUBGROUP Garayi which is recognized by pendent chain of stems, arising each from a sub-apical internode of the previous stem, each with 1 to 3 linear-lanceolate leaves, inflorescence apical, flowering only once, 1 to 2 flowered, the flowers non-resupinate, greenish to reddish, the lip cordiform. The species is recognized by the short, bifoliate, cane-like stems, linear-lanceolate leaves .44 to 1.08" [1.1 to 2.7 cm]long, the sessile, two-flowered inflorescence, successive and opposite, pink, immaculate flowers, the lip widely cordiform with the apex obtuse, the disc with a single evident, low, wide rib running down the middle. Epidendrum carmelense Hágsater & Dodson forms pseudobulbs at the end of the stems which are unifoliate, leaves are 1.4 to 3.4" [3.5 to 8.5 cm] long, with 1 to 2 greenish to ochre flowers with reddish dots, the lip is reniform, without any ribs. Epidendrum garayii Lřjtnant has 2 to 3-leaved stems, the leaves linear-lanceolate, up to 2"[5 cm] long, flowers purplish green, the lip cordiform with the apex acuminate, the disc has 3 thickened veins running nearly the entire length of the lip." Hagsater etal 2013


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidacearum 14 Plate 1496 Hagsater & Santiago 2013 drawing fide; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017; Icones Orchidacearum 17(1) Plate 1720 Hagsater & Jimenez 2019 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 17(1) Plate 1722 Hagsater & Jimenez 2019 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 17(1) Plate 1728 Hagsater & Jimenez 2019 see recognition section