Epidendrum youngii Hágsater & E.Santiago 2013 GROUP Cristatum SUBGROUP Cnemidophorum

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez and The AMO Herbaria Website


Common Name Young's Epidendrum [American biologist and collector of the type current]

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in northern Peru on the Cordillera Oriental in tall forests at elevations of 2350 to 2500 meters as a large sized, cold growing terrestrial with thick, cane-like, simple, erect, straight stems carrying numerous, all along the stem, distichous, articulate, sub-erect, coriaceous, lanceolate, long and somewhat narrow, acuminate, margin entire leaves that blooms in the early winter on a terminal, without a spathe, racemose, pluri-racemose, erect, peduncle to 13.2" [33 cm] long, totally enveloped by about 13, prominent, imbricating, ancipitous, conduplicate, long acuminate bracts, rachis 6.8" [17 cm] long, laterally compressed, lax, simultaneously about 40 flowered inflorescence with shorter than the ovary, lanceolate, acuminate, amplexicaul, progressively shorter floral bracts and carrying resupinate flowers without color or fragrance data.

"Epidendrum youngii belongs to the GROUP Cristatum SUBGROUP Cnemidophorum , recognized by the cane-like stems, numerous large, narrow leaves, apical inflorescence subtended by several large, acute, imbricating bracts, racemose, nutant or erect inflorescence with fleshy flowers, and a three-lobed lip with entire margins. The species is recognized by the slightly falcate, 3-veined petals, the 3-lobed lip, the mid-lobe transversely rectangular with a very wide apical sinus, minutely apiculate, bilobed, the lobes rounded, column arched in the middle. Epidendrum oreonastes Rchb.f. 1878 has straight, linear-oblanceolate, single veined petals; the mid-lobe of the lip is entire and apically truncate, column straight. Epidendrum exaltatum Kraenzl. has shorter inflorescences, smaller flowers with sepals .4" [10 mm] long, straight, 3-veined petals, and the mid-lobe of the lip is rectangular, truncate and minutely apiculate." Hagsater etal 2013


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidacearum 14 Plate 1498 Hagsater & Santiago 2013 drawing fide;