!Eria javanica (Sw.) Blume 1836 SECTION Eria

Another Color Form Photo by Lourens Grobler

FragrancePart shade Cool to HotSummer

Common Name The Javanese Eria - In China Xiang Hua Mao Lan

Flower Size 1 1/2" [3.75 cm]

Found in southern China, northeastern India, Sikkim, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Celebes, Moluccas, New Guinea and the Philippines in lowlands forests on mangroves, in swamp forests and lower montane laurel forests as a medium sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte or occasional lithophye at elevations of sealevel to 1200 meters with ovoid to laterally compressed, pyriform, basally sheathed pseudobulbs carrying 1 or 2, lanceolate, acuminate, petiolate leaves which are darker above than below that blooms in the spring and summer on a subterminal, erect to drooping, to 2' [to 60 cm] long and taller than the leaves, hairy stalked, racemose inflorescence that is longer than the leaves, has lanceolate bracts, and many [50] star like, sweetly fragrant flowers evenly distributed on all sides of the raceme arising from the nodes at the apex of a mature pseudobulb.

Synonyms Callista perakensis (Hook. f.) Kuntze 1891; *Dendrobium javanicum Sw. 1856; Dendrobium perakense Hook. f. 1890; Dendrolirium rugosum Blume 1825; Eria cochleata Lindl. 1844; Eria fragrans Rchb. f. 1864; Eria inamoena Schltr. 1911; Eria rugosa Lindl. 1828; Eria stellata Lindl. 1825; Eria striolata Rchb. f. 1888; Eria vaginata Benth. 1881; Katherinea perakensis (Hook. f.) A.D. Hawkes 1956; Octomeria stellata (Lindl.) Spreng. 1828; Octomeria vaginata Breda Kuhl & Hasselt ?; Pinalia fragrans (Rchb. f.) Kuntze 1891; Pinalia rugosa (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Pinalia stellata (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Pinalia striolata (Rchb.f.) Kuntze 1891; Sarcopodium perakense (Hook. f.) Kraenzl. 1910; Tainia stellata (Lindl.) Pfitzer 1888

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857 as Eria stellata; Icones Plantarum Vol 21 Hooker 1890 as Dendrobium perakensis drawing fide; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995 as Eria fragrans; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Eria fragrans drawing fide; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905 as E rugosa; Materials For a Flora of the Malayan Penninsula Part 1 Ridley 1907 as D perakense; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide; Studies in the Family Orchidacee Vol 2 1908; Flora of the Malayan Penninsula Ridley 1908 as Eria stellata; Flora of the Malayan Penninsula Ridley 1908 as eria striolata; Orchidaceae Monandre-Dendrobiinae Fr. Kraenzlin 1910 as Sarcopodium perakense; Contributions to the Knowledge of the Flora of Sumatra Schlechter 1911 as E inamonea; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Vol 5 Ames 1915 as E rugosa; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1957 drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 drawing photo fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 photo ok; Contribution to a Revision of the Orchid Flora of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam Seidenfaden 1975; The Orchids of Papua New Guinea An Introduction Millar 1978 photo ok; Indian Orchids: A Guide to Identification Vol 2 Pradhan 1979; Indian Orchids: A Guide to Identification Vol 2 Pradhan 1979 as Eria fragran Rchb.f 1852?; Die Orchideen lieferung 11/12 633 - 752 Brieger 1981 drawing fide; The Complete Writings on Philippine Orchids Vol 1 Quisumbing 1981; The Complete Writings on Philippine Orchids Vol 1 Quisumbing 1981 as E rugosa; Opera Botanica #62 Orchid Genera in Thailand X Seidenfaden 1982 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Arunachal Pradesh Hegde 1984 as E fragrans photo fide; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 5 1986 drawing; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo ok; A Guide to Orchids of the World Hodgson, Paine & Anderson 1991 Photo fide; The Orchids of Penninsular Mayasia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Wood 1992 drawing fide; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1992; ; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb and Launert 1992 drawing/photo fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Beaman, Wood, Beaman & Beaman 1993; Loweland Orchids of Papua New Guinea O'Byrne 1994 drawing fide; Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994 drawing/photo fide; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen & Mori 1997 photo ok; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Oasis Vol 1 No 4 2000; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 photo fide; Orchids of the Philippines Cootes 2001 photo fide; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 1 O'Byrne 2001 photo fide; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo fide; Orchids of Sarawak Beaman & Wood 2001 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Australian Orchid Review Vol 67 No 3 2002 photo; Botanica's Orchids Lauren Glen 2002 photo good; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 4 part 1 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2005 photo fide; Flora Malesiana Orchids of New Guinea Vol III Shuiteman and de Vogel 2006; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 3 2008 photo; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing ok; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; Philippine Native Orchid Species Cootes 2011 photo fide The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 1 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 photo/drawing fide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 drawing fide; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; The Wild Orchids of Taiwam Lin & Wang 2014 photos fide;