Eria ornata (Blume) Lindl. 1830 SECTION Dendrolirium Photo by © Lourens Grobler

Closeup Photo courtesy of Dale and Deni Borders

Another Flower Angle Photo courtesy of André Schuiteman, Dr. E.F. de Vogel and Jaap Vermeulen and Their Netherlands National Herbarium Website

Inflorescence Photo by Peter Maxwell

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Common Name The Ornate Eria

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

A small to medium sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte that is a rare species from the Himalayas, Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Java and the Philippines in lower montane forests at elevations of 300 to 1500 meters with dark brown, stiff, woody roots arising from laterally compressed, cylindrical pseudobulbs each separated by 6" [15 cm] and enveloped by basal sheaths carrying 3 to 5 fleshy, elliptic-lanceolate to oblong, acute, narrowing basally into an open channelled petiolate base leaves with the uppermost two being more persistent that blooms in the spring and summer on a ascending or arching, 18" [45 cm] long, several to many flowered racemose inflorescence that has brown hairs and large ovate-lanceolate, orange to red brown bracts and carrying flowers that have a fragrance of vanilla and do not open well.

Synonyms *Dendrolirium ornatum Blume 1825; Eria armeniaca Lindley 1841; Pinalia ornata (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Trias ornata (Blume) Mason 1860

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Vol 1 Ames 1905; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Vol 2 Ames 1908; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Vol 5 Ames 1915; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Eria armeniaca; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1953; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Contribution to a Revision of the Orchid Flora of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam Seidenfaden 1975; Die Orchideen lieferung 11 Schlechter/Brieger 1981 as Dendrolirium ornatum photo ok; Opera Botanica #62 Orchid Genera in Thailand X Seidenfaden 1982 drawing good; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo fide; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Wood 1992 drawing/photo fide; Thai Orchid Species Rakpaibulsombat 1992 photo fide; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1992; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Beaman, Wood, Beaman & Beaman 1993; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Orchids of Borneo Vol 1 Chan, Lamb, Shim & Wood 1994 drawing/photo fide; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001; Orchids of the Philippines Cootes 2001 photo fide; Orchids of Sarawak Beaman & Wood 2001; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 1 O'Byrne 2001 photo fide; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Botanica's Orchids Lauren Glen 2002 photo good; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 4 part 1 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2005 as Dendrolirium ornatum; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 4 part 1 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2005; Philippine Native Orchid Species Cootes 2011 as Dendrolirium ornatum photo fide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 1 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 as Dendrolirium ornatum drawing fide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 as Dendrolirium ornatum drawing/photo fide

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