Eria pannea Lindl. 1828 SECTION Strongyleria

Photo by Lourens Grobler

Fragrance Part shade Hot to Cool Spring

Common Name The Flag Eria - In China Zhu Ye Ni Mao Lan

Flower Size about 1/4" to 3/4" [1.6 to 2 cm]

Found in the eastern Himalayas, Assam, Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Laos, Cambodia, southern China, Vietnam, Borneo and Sumatra in broadleaf, evergreen, semi-deciduous and deciduous dry lowland forests, savanah-like woodlands and humid, mossy, mixed and coniferous forests on mossy branches of old, dwarf, gnarled trees, primary montane forests or highland primary montane cloud forests at elevations of sealevel to 1300 meters as a miniature to small sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte or lithophyte from with a creeping rhizome with 3/4" to 1.6" betweeen each pseudobulbless shoot carrying 2 to 3, close-set, terete, laterally flattened, ventrally grooved, basally clasping leaves and is a spring blooming orchid on an apical, arcuate, pubescent, short to 1" [2.5 cm], 1 to 3 flowered inflorescence with pubescent, fragrant flowers reminiscent of vanilla.

Best mounted or grown in a pot with a free draining medium, cool to hot temperatures, high humidity, and bright indirect light.

Synonyms Eria calamifolia Hook.f 1890; Eria nivosa Ridl. 1921; Eria odoratissima Teijsm. & Binn. 1864; Eria teretifolia Griff. 1848; Pinalia calamifolia (Hook.f.) Kuntze 1891; Mycaranthes pannea [Lindl.] J.J.Wood 2011; Pinalia pannea (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing good; Flora of the Malayan Penninsula Ridley 1908; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1953 drawing good; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1960; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1965 corrections; eriwildiana.jpg Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 37 # 6 1968; Contribution to a Revision of the Orchid Flora of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam Seidenfaden 1975 as E nivosa; Contribution to a Revision of the Orchid Flora of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam Seidenfaden 1975; Indian Orchids: A Guide to Identification Vol 2 Pradhan 1979 drawing; Die Orchideen lieferung 11/12 633 - 752 Brieger 1981 photo plant only; Opera Botanica #62 Orchid Genera in Thailand X Seidenfaden 1982 drawing good/photo fide; Orchids of Arunachal Pradesh Hegde 1984; The Orchids of Penninsular Mayasia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Wood 1992 drawing fide; Miniature Orchids McQueen 1992 photo fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Beaman, Wood, Beaman & Beaman 1993 photo fide; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994 drawing ok; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Living with Orchids in Sumatra Landau 1996 photo fide; The Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen & Mori 1997 photo ok; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 15 No 4 2000; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 photo fide; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 1 O'Byrne 2001 photo fide; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo ok; Orchids of Sarawak Beaman & Wood 2001; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Wild Orchids in Myanamar Vol 2 Tanaka 2004; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo ok; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 4 part 1 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2005; Hainan Island Wild Orchid illustrations 2005 photo good; The Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing ok; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009 as Mycaranthes pannea; The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 photo fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 as Mycaranthes pannea photos fide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 1 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 photo ok; Turczaninowia 16(4):26-46 NEW AND RARE ORCHIDS (ORCHIDACEAE) IN THE FLORA OF CAMBODIA AND LAOS Averyanov 2013 ; Wild Orchids of Myanmar Taunggyi 2014 photo fide; A Guide to Orchids of Myanmar Kurzweil & Lwin 2014 as Mycaranthes pannea photo good; Turczaninowia 19 (3): 558 L. V. Averyanov, Khang Sinh Nguyen etal 2016 ; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 as Mycaranthes panneaphoto fide;