Erythrodes blumei (Lindl.) Schltr. 1905

Photo by © David Kuehn

Plant and Inflorescence


Flower Closeup

Photo by Jaap Vermeulen, courtesy of André Schuiteman and Dr. E.F. de Vogel and Their Netherlands National Herbarium Website

Deep Shade Warm Cool LATE Winter Spring

Common Name or Meaning Blume's Erythrodes [German-Dutch Botanist in Indonesia 1800's] - In China Qian Chun Lan - In Thailand Ueang din nai blum

Flower Size .2" [6mm]

Found in Assam, Bangladesh, Guangdong, Guangxi, southeastern Yunnan provinces of China, Thailand, Vietnam, Taiwan, Java, Malaysia and Sumatra in humus rich soils often with bamboos in forests at elevations around 400 to 1600 meters as a medium sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial with an erect stem carrying 4, basal, obliquely oblong-ovate, abruptly narrowing below into the 3/4" long petiolate base leaves that blooms in the late winter and spring on an erect, terminal, peduncle 4.8 to 16" [12 to 40 cm] long, provided with 3 to 6 sterile bracts, glandular pubescent, brown, long, racemose, subdensely many flowered inflorescence with reddish brown, lanceolate, abaxially pubescent, acuminate floral bracts.

Synonyms Erythrodes blumei var. aggregatus T.P.Lin & W.M.Lin 2009; Erythrodes brevicalcar J.J.Sm. 1922; Erythrodes chinensis (Rolfe) Schltr. 1914; Erythrodes formosana Schltr. 1919; Erythrodes henryi Schltr. 1905; Erythrodes triantherae C.L.Yeh & C.S.Leou 2006; Microchilus blumei (Lindl.) D.Dietr. 1852; *Physurus blumei Lindl. 1840; Physurus chinensis Rolfe1896; Physurus henryi Schltr. 1905

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as E chinensis; Dansk Botanisl Arkiv Orchid Genera in Thailand Vol VI Neottiodeae Seidenfaden 1978 drawing fide; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 as E brevicalcar; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Woods and Seidenfaden 1992 drawing ok; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; The Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen & Mori 1997; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2002; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 Orchids of Vietnam, Illustrated survey, part 1 Averyanov 2008; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo ok; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Taiwania, 54(4): 323-333, Newly Discovered Native Orchids of Taiwan (III) Tsan-Piao Lin and Wei-Min Lin 2009 as E blumei var aggregatus photo fide Flora of China Illustrations Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; Flora Of Thailand Orchidaceae Vol 12 Part 1 Pedersen, Kurzweil, Suddee & Cribb 2011 drawing/photo fide; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 2 O'Byrne 2011 photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo ok