!Erythrorchis altissima (Blume) Blume 1837

Photos by © Cheng-Tao Lin © and The I Naturalist Website


Flower Closeup

Photos © by M Mendum, courtesy of André Schuiteman, Dr. E.F. de Vogel and Jaap Vermeulen © and Their Netherlands National Herbarium Website

Part sun Hot Warm FallTHROUGHSpring

Common Name The High Growing Erythorchis - In Thailand Thao wan khiao dong; Kha mai ta yu- In Japan - Ootyobi-tsuru-ran and Taka-tsuru-ran - In China Dao Diao Lan

Flower Size 1/2" [1.2 cm]

Found in Japan, Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, Chinese Himalayas, Assam, eastern Himalayas, Myanmar, Nicobar Islands, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and the Philippines in valleys on tall trees at elevations of 300 to 900 meters as a large to giant sized, hot to warm growing mycoheterotrophic orchid that climbs over dead trunks of trees in secondary lower montane forests and has a pale brown stem carrying red brown scale leaves when young at the nodes and blooms in the fall through spring on a gradually lengthening, many branching rhachis with many successively 2 flowers open at any one time and can flower as long as the food supply lasts [ie. dead tree].

Synonyms *Cyrtosia altissima Blume 1825; Galeola altissima (Blume) Rchb.f. 1865; Haematorchis altissima (Blume) Blume 1849; Vanilla taiwaniana S.S.Ying 1987

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1862 as Galeola altissima Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Smith 1905 as Galeola altissima; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 as Galeola altissima drawing fide; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995 as Galeola altissima; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Hottum 1953 as Galeola altissima; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 as Galeola altissima; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974 as Galeola altissima; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 32 nr 2 Orchids of Thailand VI Neottiideae Seidenfaden 1978 as Galeola altissima drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1964 corrections; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo ok; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Wood 1992 drawing fide but switched with E ochobiensis; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 photo; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 41 pg 2565 - 2625 Brieger 2001 drawing/photo good; The Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 photo fide; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; Flora Of Thailand Orchidaceae Vol 12 Part 1 Pedersen, Kurzweil, Suddee & Cribb 2011 drawing fide; Turczaninowia 2011, 14(2) : 15–100 Averyanov 2011 photo/drawing fide; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 21 2018 drawing/photo fide