Eulophia hians (L.f.) Spreng. 1826

Another Flower Photos courtesy of Lourens Grobler

Inflorescence Photo courtesy of Cameron McMaster

Part sun Cool Cold Spring THROUGH EARLY Fall

Common Name The Standing Open Eulophia - In Madagascar - Tongolomboalavo

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in Zaire, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland, Cape Province, Natal, Orange Free State and Transvaal South Africa, Madagascar and Yemen in grass and bushlands often very dry, at elevations of 1650 to 2200 meters as a small to medium sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial orchid with a chain of flattened, subterranean pseudobulbs giving rise to 5 to 6 plicate, linear leaves arising with the terminal, few to many flowered inflorescence with widely spaced, often not opening well flowers occuring in the spring through fall.

Often confused with Disa hians and the synonyms here are not complete, I await a thourough analysis of the data.

The tubers of this species are used to make a broth that is taken by mouth to cure Boils

Synonyms Eulophia aliwalensis Rolfe 1910; Eulophia clavicornis Lindl. 1836; Eulophia clavicornis var. nutans (Sond.) A.V.Hall 1965; Eulophia emarginata Lindl. 1836; Eulophia obcordata Rolfe 1917; Eulophia violacea Rchb.f. 1847; Graphorkis clavicornis (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Graphorkis emarginata (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Graphorkis violacea (Rchb.f.) Kuntze 1891; *Satyrium hians L.f. 1782

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora Of Madagascar Perrier 1939/41/81 as Lissochilus vaginatus; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 4 1959; The Orchids of South Central Africa Williamson 1977 as E clavicornis var nutans drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 6 1978 as E hians; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 as E clavicornis photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 No 1 1983 photo; Flora of Tropical East Africa Orchidaceae Part 3 Cribb 1989; Die Orchideen lieferung 24 Schlechter/Brieger 1991 as E clavicornis drawing ok; Orchids of Kenya Stewart 1996 as Eulophia clavicornis; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Part 2 Pope 1998 as Eulophia hians ; Field Guide to the Ethiopian Orchids Demissew, Cribb & Rasmussen 2004 as E clavicornis Photo/drawing fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Northern South Africa and Swaziland McMurty, Grobler, Grobler & Burns 2008 photos fide; Orchids of Madagascar Hermans 2007; Field Guide to the Orchids of Madagascar Cribb & Herman 2009 photo fide; Terrestrial African Orchids, A select Review John S. Ball 2009 as Eulophia clavicornis drawing fide; The Cape Orchids Liltved & Johnson 2012 photos fide

Eulophia hians var. nutans (Sond.) S.Thomas 1998 Photo courtesy of Lourens Grobler

Synonyms Eulophia aemula Schltr. 1895; Eulophia amajubae Schltr. 1924; Eulophia bathiei Schltr. 1925; Eulophia buchananii Rolfe 1897; Eulophia carunculifera Rchb.f. 1881; Eulophia clavicornis var. nutans (Sond.) A.V.Hall 1965; Eulophia crinita Rolfe 1897; Eulophia decurva Schltr. 1924; Eulophia ernestii Schltr. 1924; Eulophia flanaganii Bolus 1905; Eulophia galpinii Schltr. 1895; Eulophia gladioloides Rolfe 1910; Eulophia laxiflora Schltr. 1895; Eulophia nelsonii Rolfe 1910; *Eulophia nutans Sond. 1846; Eulophia purpurascens Rolfe 1910; Eulophia triloba Rolfe 1917; Eulophia vaginata Ridl. 1885; Eulophia vleminckxiana Geerinck & Schaijes 1990; Graphorkis madagascariensis (Kraenzl.) Kuntze 1891; Graphorkis nutans (Sond.) Kuntze 1891; Graphorkis vaginata (Ridl.) Kuntze 1891; Lissochilus vaginatus H.Perrier 1941

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 photo hmm; Flora of Tropical East Africa Orchidaceae Part 3 Cribb 1989 drawing fide; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Part 2 Pope 1998 drawing fide; Field Guide to the Ethiopian Orchids Demissew, Cribb & Rasmussen 2004 photo/drawing fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Northern South Africa and Swaziland McMurty, Grobler, Grobler & Burns 2008 as E nutans photos fide; The Cape Orchids Liltved & Johnson 2012 photos fide

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