Eulophia cristata (Afzel. ex Sw.) Steud. 1840> Photo by Vincent Droissart and The Orchidaceae in Central Africa Website

Inflorescence Photo by Bernard Toutain and Fleurs d'Afrique Tropicale et Fluer d Europe


Common Name The Callus Eulophia [refers to the crests of hairs on the lip] - The Crested Ground Orchid

Flower Size 2" [5 cm]

Found in Senegal, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau; Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana; Togo, Benin; Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo and Zaire, Chad, Sudan, Uganda and Ethiopia in seasonally burnt grasslands, acacia bushlands and woodlands at elevations of 700 to 1850 meters as a large to giant sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial with potato-like, cylindrical-ellipsoid, whitish tubers in chains giving rise to 4 to 6 erect, plicate, lanceolate, gradually narrowing below into the petiolate base leaves that blooms in the winter through spring on an erect, appearing before the leaves, 6 to 18" [15 to 45 cm] long, laxly 10 to 30 flowered inflorescence with aristate bracts.

Synonyms Eulophia articulata (Schumach.) Lindl. 1833; Eulophia candidiflora Butzin 1975; Eulophia longibracteata (Lindl.) T.Durand & Schinz 1894; Eulophia sarticulata Lindl. 1833; Galeandra longibracteata Lindl. 1862; Graphorkis articulata (Schumach.) Kuntze 1891; Graphorkis cristata (Afzel. ex Sw.) Kuntze 1891; Limodorum articulatum Schumach. 1827; *Limodorum cristatum Afzel. ex Sw. 1805; Lissochilus heudelotii Rchb.f. 1878; Lissochilus purpuratus Lindl. 1862; Lissochilus uliginosus Rolfe 1913

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878 as Lissochilus purpuratus; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878 as Lissochilus heudelotii; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1881 as Lissochilus purpuratus; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Lissochilus purpuratus; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 5 1958 as Lissochilus purpuratus drawing fide; West African Lilies and Orchids Morton 1961 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 # 10 1963; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as E purpuratus; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 1 1969 drawing tubers only; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 10 1970; Flora of Tropical East Africa Part 3 Cribb 1989 drawing good; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1995; Orchids of Kenya Stewart & Campbell 1996; African Orchids in the Wild and Cultivation La Croix 1997; Field Guide to Ethiopian Orchids Demissew, Cribb and Rasmussen 2004 photo/drawing fide;